December 31st, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Calls for the big-deck carrierÔøΩs phase-out are wrongheadedÔøΩboth fiscally and strategically.
December 30th, 2011
- US Naval War College Review – An analysis of the geopolitical issues surrounding the South China Sea.
December 29th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – The swaggering-flyer mystique forged over the past century has been stymied in recent years by political correctness.
December 28th, 2011
- US Naval War College Review – As a grand concept, Sea Basing appears becalmed, if still visible out on the horizon. However, as a practical reality, U.S. forces engage in sea basing today-and every day. The U.S. Marine Corps-along with a sometimes supportive, sometimes reluctant U.S. Navy-is projected to continue to make incremental improvements.
December 27th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Forget the EFV. Retrofitted off-the-shelf vessels offer a cost-efficient means to align Marine Corps capabilities with national-security needs.
December 26th, 2011
- US Naval War College Review – In an attempt to improve the quality of the coming debates, this article will examine the prospects for future utility of the aircraft carrier, including that of the embarked air wing, from a different angle. Instead of making a holistic judgment on the future utility of aircraft carriers, it will focus on the ways they have been, are, or could be used. Within the bounds of security classification, it will also attempt to sort out the risk factors that attend their use. Others may then proceed to decide whether a continued investment in them is justified.
December 25th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – ItÔøΩs time to recapitalize aging U.S. Coast Guard cutters and permit the service to continue its invaluable defense of multiple mission areas.
December 24th, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – An exclusive Aviation Week Intelligence Network investigation into the U.S. Navy destroyer fleet and its accompanying combat systems strongly suggests the service will have to upend some $121.8 billion worth of plans for their development, effectively solidifying the grip of incumbent contractors on the work at the very time Navy brass say theyÔøΩre trying to break such monopolies.
December 23rd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The US Navy plans to launch AeroVironment’s Switchblade small, expendable unmanned aircraft from a submerged submarine during the RIMPAC 2012 naval exercise in the Pacific.
December 23rd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – DCNS, through its local partner in Malaysia, Boustead Naval Shipyard (BNS), has won its first export contract for a Gowind ship. The ÔøΩ2.14 bn deal has been signed by BNS with the Malaysian government for six Gowind-class corvettes, the biggest of the Gowind family developed on its own funds by the French military naval systems group.
Royal Navy – Nuclear submarine should be sent to Falklands to show British anger at boat ban decision
December 22nd, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – A nuclear submarine should be sent to the Falkland Islands to illustrate BritainÔøΩs anger at a decision by South American countries to ban boats bearing the island’s flag, the former head of the Royal Navy said.
December 22nd, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Two executives and a consultant in the long-range unmanned surface vessel (USV) industry detail how the new platforms can police the high seas.
December 21st, 2011
- The Economist – China is using a new tool to boost its influence abroad. Is it the right one?
December 20th, 2011
- New Yorker – How far can the resistance to Vladimir Putin go?
December 19th, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – Sure, they can be infuriating, not to mention duplicitous, paranoid and self-pitying. But you try being a U.S. ally.
December 18th, 2011
- Reuters – The US Navy will station several new littoral combat ships in Singapore and perhaps in the Philippines in coming years, moves likely to fuel China’s fears of being encircled and pressured in the South China Sea row.
December 17th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – John Nagl writes that overwhelmingly the American people would say the war was a mistake, and undeniably the reason we went to war in the first place was invalid.
December 16th, 2011
- BBC – A commercial US satellite company says it has taken a picture of China’s first aircraft carrier during its sea trials in the Yellow Sea.
December 15th, 2011
- China Daily – The Chinese navy is considering taking on supplies in the Seychelles while conducting escort missions to tackle piracy.
December 14th, 2011
- Air Force – B-2 and B-52 rotations to Guam offer valuable trainingÔøΩand send a powerful message. A look at Air-Sea Battle as it exists today.
December 13th, 2011
- The Atlantic – Pakistan lies. It hosted Osama bin Laden (knowingly or not). Its government is barely functional. It hates the democracy next door. It is home to both radical jihadists and a large and growing nuclear arsenal (which it fears the U.S. will seize). Its intelligence service sponsors terrorists who attack American troops. With a friend like this, who needs enemies?
US Navy – The Future of Naval Aviation: This CenturyÔøΩs Naval Aviation Pioneers Flying Unmanned Aircraft
December 12th, 2011
- Brookings Institution – P.W. Singer says the future of naval aviation is unmanned.
December 11th, 2011
- BBC – Women are to be allowed to serve on Royal Navy submarines, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond has confirmed.
December 10th, 2011
- The Diplomat – In sum, HuÔøΩs statement didnÔøΩt reflect a change in policy or a new emphasis on preparing for war. His routine statement received more attention than it warranted.
December 10th, 2011
- Xinhua – An aircraft carrier combat group of Russia’s Northern Fleet on Tuesday started patrol missions in the Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, the fleet’s spokesman said.
December 9th, 2011
- BBC – China’s navy should speed up its development and prepare for warfare, President Hu Jintao has said.
December 8th, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – With defense spending getting so tight, submarine programs in the U.S. and other countries are likely to come under greater scrutiny, the Rand Corp. warns in a recent report that provides some recommendations on how to buy and build the vessels.
December 7th, 2011
- Washington Post – With the Iraq war ending and an Afghanistan exit in sight, the Marine Corps is beginning a historic shift, returning to its roots as a seafaring force that will get smaller, lighter and, it hopes, less bogged down in land wars.
December 6th, 2011
- Military Times – The sixth and final part of Sean NaylorÔøΩs look at the war on terror in Africa.
December 5th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The delivery of the first Yasen class (project 885) multirole attack nuclear powered submarine Severodvinsk to the Russian Navy has slipped for the end of 2012.
December 4th, 2011
- Army Times – Part 5 of Sean Naylor’s look at the war on terror in Africa.
December 3rd, 2011
- Associated Press – Britain’s navy arrested seven suspected pirates after a helicopter-led chase in the Indian Ocean.
December 2nd, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – The tiltrotor MV-22 has come of age. Moving larger payloadsÔøΩfaster and fartherÔøΩit broadens Marine Corps capabilities and gives commanders more choices.
December 1st, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Its recent naval exercises demonstrate that China can operate 21st-century ships on far deployment. But can a strategy based on island-chain control produce a navy capable of projecting global power?
November 30th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – Three Navy amphibious ships that left Norfolk ahead of schedule in March are set to stay at sea into February, which would make their cruise the longest ship deployment in decades.
November 29th, 2011
- BBC – China’s navy will carry out exercises in the Pacific Ocean in the coming days, amid continuing tension over maritime disputes in the region.
November 28th, 2011
- Army Times – Fourth in a series by Sean Naylor. Often-frustrating search for Harun Fazul combined high-tech gear, low tech human intelligence and courage
November 27th, 2011
- DEBKAfile – The Syrian crisis aassumed a big power dimension this week with the build-up of rival United States and Russia naval air carrier armadas in Syrian waters. The USS George H.W. Bush arrived Wednesday, Nov. 23, in the wake of the three Russian warships anchored earlier opposite Tartus which established a command post in the Syrian port. They will be augmented by Russia’s only air carrier the Admiral Kuznetsov, which is due in mid-week.
November 26th, 2011
- BBC – Hackers are alleged to have destroyed a pump used to pipe water to thousands of homes in a US city in Illinois.
November 25th, 2011
- Washington Times – A look at the attack, during the Second Lebanon War, of a Chinese-produced, Hezbollah-fired C-802 anti-ship missile that struck IsraelÔøΩs INS Hanit off the Lebanon coast.
November 24th, 2011
- Marine Times – An official announcement could come within days of BritainÔøΩs sale of its remaining Harrier jump jets to the Marine Corps, but sources are saying privately the purchase will be strictly for spare parts and logistic support, and not a move to increase the operational fleet.
November 23rd, 2011
- Associated Press – The United States will provide a second warship to the ill-equipped Philippine military as it confronts China in increasingly tense territorial disputes in the South China Sea.
November 22nd, 2011
- Economist – America reaches a pivot point in Asia.
November 21st, 2011
- Army Times – The third in a series by Sean Naylor looking at U.S. military operations in the Horn of Africa after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
November 20th, 2011
- Army Times – The second in a series by Sean Naylor looking at U.S. military activity in the Horn of Africa.
November 19th, 2011
- Army Times – First of a series by Sean Naylor. Clandestine SEAL mission planted cameras, but little came out of the images.
November 18th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – The US military has agreed to buy BritainÔøΩs entire fleet of Harrier jump jets after they were controversially scrapped under the GovernmentÔøΩs austerity measures.
November 17th, 2011
November 16th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Moscow-based Aviaconversiya Ltd., makes and sells GPS jammers…to anyone who wants to buy them, no questions asked.
November 15th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – It may seem like a trivial inconvenience in the scheme of things, but it’s become routine enough that some sailors aboard the Norfolk-based aircraft carrier George H.W. Bush say it’s affecting their morale, their health and their job performance: Since the ship left for its maiden combat deployment in May, its toilet system has suffered outages so frequently that crew members sometimes can’t find a single working commode.
November 14th, 2011
- Air Force – The anti-access, area-denial threat, vast distances in the western Pacific, and unrelenting budget pressures have forced the largest push for USAF and naval integration since the end of the Cold War.
November 13th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The German navy has decided to retire early the Type 143A fast patrol boats (FPBs) Nerz and Dachs and the Type 333 minehunters Kulmbach and Laboe on 31 March 2012.
November 12th, 2011
- Vanity Fair – When First Lieutenant Jonathan Brostrom was killed by Taliban fighters in 2008, while attempting a heroic rescue in a perilously isolated outpost, his war was over. His fatherÔøΩs war, to hold the U.S. Army accountable for BrostromÔøΩs death, had just begun. And Lieutenant Colonel William OstlundÔøΩs warÔøΩto defend his own record as commanderÔøΩwas yet to come. With three perspectives on the most scrutinized engagement of the Afghanistan conflict, one that shook the military to its foundations, Mark Bowden learns the true tragedy of the Battle of Wanat.
November 11th, 2011
- San Diego Union Tribune – The award is part of a long term effort to create a ship-borne gun that uses electricity instead of chemicals to fire high impact projectiles. The railgun being developed through the Office of Naval Research was designed to fire projectiles up to 200 miles. The projectiles would travel up to 5,600 mph, allowing for rapid attack against targets on land and at sea. The “super gun” also could reduce the need to store expensive and dangerous explosives aboard ships.
November 10th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – Details of the US Navy SEAL team who killed Osama bin Laden have been disclosed in the first account of the raid said to have been based on interviews with them.
November 9th, 2011
- Associated Press – Military says two boats trying to break blockade were boarded peacefully and will be towed to Israeli port of Ashdod
November 8th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – A look at the French Navy’s contribution to operations in Libya.
November 7th, 2011
- The Guardian – British officials consider contingency options to back up a possible US action as fears mount over Tehran’s capability
November 6th, 2011
- New Yorker – Jon Lee Anderson on the last days of Muammar Qaddafi.
November 5th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – Defence cuts have left the stretched Royal Navy unable to provide an emergency standby ship to protect British waters for a month.
November 4th, 2011
- Wall Street Journal – Andrew Krepinevich writes that the world’s vast undersea energy infrastructureÔøΩoil and gas platforms, wellheads, pipelines and pumpsÔøΩis now vulnerable to attack by cheap submarines and unmanned vehicles.
November 3rd, 2011
- Economist – Warfare is changing as weapons that destroy electronics, not people, are deployed on the field of battle.
November 2nd, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – Ten years after anthrax attacks, biodefense is busted.
November 1st, 2011
- Los Angeles Times – Mark Bowden writes that as modern society leans more heavily on the Internet, its fragility becomes an ever greater concern.
October 31st, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The first-of-class Gowind corvette, the Adroit, was today put at the disposal of the French navy. This unusual procedure took place because the navy has not bought the shipÔøΩit is borrowing it from the constructor, DCNS, for the next three years.
October 30th, 2011
- BBC – The Thai authorities have asked US military helicopters from the destroyer USS Mustin to survey flooding, which has hit the north and is now threatening the capital Bangkok.
October 29th, 2011
- San Diego Union Tribune – After a five-day operation in one of the most combative areas of Afghanistan, international forces have secured the main road from Sangin to the strategic Kajaki Dam in northern Helmand province, Marine commanders announced.
October 28th, 2011
- Guardian – New defence secretary confirms that he will pursue renewal of nuclear deterrent that could cost up to ÔøΩ25bn
October 27th, 2011
- Reuters – A Chinese navy hospital ship called the Peace Ark sailed on Friday into Havana Bay in Cuba, reflecting good relations between the communist allies and China’s expanding global presence.
October 26th, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – Training Afghans to protect their homes and fight the Taliban seems to be working. The problem is that itÔøΩs also allowing them to fight their own personal wars.
October 25th, 2011
- Best Defense – Tom Ricks analyses the current situation in Iraq, with the US about to pull out…
October 24th, 2011
- Washington Post – David Ignatius interviews Iraqi politician Ahmed Chalabi, who was the most effective lobbyist in favor of the 2003 U.S. invasion: “So thatÔøΩs how it ends ÔøΩ not with a bang or a whimper, either, but with a smooth valedictory from the man whom history will record as the secret instigator of the Iraq war, for which he has no apologies and, seemingly, no regrets.”
October 23rd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The U.S. Navy is following the Marine Corps and Army in getting interested in unmanned cargo aircraft.
October 22nd, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – The crew of the Wasp hasn’t gone far since leaving Norfolk in early October. The amphibious assault ship has spent weeks steaming through a small, pie-shaped wedge of water off Virginia’s eastern shore. It doesn’t stray more than 12 miles from land. Despite its geographic confinement, the Wasp is making history. Test pilots have been flying two test versions of the next generation Marine fighter jet – the F-35B – onto and off of the ship’s flight deck for weeks, the first time the models have operated at sea.
October 21st, 2011
- Guardian – Suspected ‘mother ship’ believed to have been involved in the hijacking of an Italian cargo ship earlier this month.
October 20th, 2011
- RIA Novosti – A U.S. Aegis missile cruiser arrived on Monday in Georgia to take part in joint naval drills with the Georgian navy
October 19th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – A year ago, the F-35B was in the doghouse owing to lackluster performance in testing. Now, however, that has changed. The jets are up, operating and ticking off test points. And the timing for the turnaround is potentially fortuitous for the project as only miles inland in Washington, officials overseeing the F-35 development program are trying to defend it from bean counters on the prowl for savings in the defense budget.
October 18th, 2011
- Der Spiegel – Berlin is unhappy about a weapons deal in which France plans to supply warships to highly indebted Greece free of charge for the first five years, and at a big discount when payment comes due. Firms and politicians in Germany say taxpayers may end up paying for part of the deal, and they want Chancellor Angela Merkel to intervene.
October 17th, 2011
- Associated Press – About 3,000 U.S. and Filipino marines started two weeks of annual military drills in the Philippines on Monday that will include a hostile beach assault exercise near the disputed Spratly Islands.
October 16th, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – One coupleÔøΩs 388-day ordeal ÔøΩ and their unlikely saviors.
October 15th, 2011
- Aviation Week – U.S. budget woes have claimed another victim ÔøΩ the required integration of the U.S. NavyÔøΩs proposed Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) with its next planned Aegis combat system upgrade.
October 14th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – France’s procurement chief does not consider the idea that the UK may eventually opt for the Rafale for its new aircraft carriers completely ridiculous.
October 13th, 2011
- Seattle Times – The United States is running short of icebreakers, with its only pair of heavy icebreakers, Polar Sea and Polar Star, sidelined in Seattle, one with broken engines and the other undergoing an overhaul to keep it running a decade past its life span.
October 12th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – British commandos have stormed an Italian cargo ship which was hijacked by Somalia pirates in the Indian Ocean, rescuing the crew and capturing nearly a dozen pirates.
October 11th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Netherlands plans to deploy 50 vessel protection detachments (VPDs) to protect vulnerable ships from Somali pirates in 2012, ten times the number deployed so far this year.
October 9th, 2011
- The Economist – Why the future of air power belongs to unmanned systems.
October 8th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The F-35B short-takeoff-and-vertical-landing Joint Strike Fighter has taken a step forward in its testing program today with the first landing onboard the USS Wasp, a Marine Corps amphibious ship, in preparation for shipboard trials.
October 7th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – OK, so we’ll skip a day or so (otherwise there won’t be anything left for you to read about in the next issue of DTI) and move onto the day we visited the Shanghai naval base, a first ever by journalists of any nationality apparently.
October 6th, 2011
- San Diego Union Tribune – As the Marines celebrate a century of shared aviation history with the Navy at the annual air show in San Diego beginning today, they are also looking to the future amid a high-stakes overhaul of their fleet.
October 5th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Just two days after the ICBM crash in Plesetsk, another new Russian missile has made a successful test launch. On September 29, Delta IV class Tula submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet fired a ballistic missile called Lainer (Liner) from the Barents Sea.
October 4th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – One of the Royal Navy’s most senior officers has expressed serious concerns over the loss of skilled aircraft carrier crew following redundancies.
October 3rd, 2011
- AP – The Navy is considering lengthening the standard deployment of attack submarines beyond six months as it faces rising demands with a fleet that has been shrinking since the end of the Cold War.
October 2nd, 2011
- Globe and Mail – The Turkish research vessel, Koka Piri Reis, continues to raise hackles among countries around the eastern Mediterranean.
October 1st, 2011
- UPI – An Iranian naval official said the country’s navy plans to deploy ships in the Atlantic Ocean near U.S. maritime borders.
September 30th, 2011
- UPI – Cruise missiles with a range of 124 miles were delivered to the Iranian navy to bolster the country’s national defense, the Iranian military said.
September 29th, 2011
- AFP – South Korea will build a naval base near an island claimed by both Seoul and Tokyo so that its warships can deploy faster than Japan’s in case of disputes.
September 28th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The UK’s new Type 26 could prove to be a radical change for Royal Navy sailors — particularly in the way that they sleep.
September 27th, 2011
- Associated Press – The dominant narrative about war in a foreign land says its practitioners yearn for home, for the families, the comforts, and the luxury of no longer worrying about imminent death or injury. It applies to young American troops in Afghan combat zones, but it’s not the whole truth.
September 25th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – On Sept. 12, the first multirole attack nuclear-powered submarine, Severodvinsk, of the Yasen class (Project 885) sailed off for factory trials, reported Sevmash shipyard, where it was built. SeverodvinskÔøΩs construction lasted 17 years and the sub was officially launched in June 2010.
September 22nd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Indian navy aircraft carrier Vikramaditya is nearing completion at RussiaÔøΩs Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk. Vice Admiral Nadel Niradjan Kumar, chief manager of production and purchase of warships for the Indian navy who inspected Sevmash this week, says the ship is 85% ready and will be handed over to the navy in December 2012.
September 21st, 2011
- San Diego Union Tribune – The 1991 Tailhook aviation convention, where naval aviators fresh from Operation Desert Storm grabbed womenÔøΩs private parts during a drunken late-night ÔøΩgauntletÔøΩ game, forced a sea change in flyboy circles.
September 20th, 2011
- Washington Post – When China’s largest offshore petroleum producer launched a $1 billion oil rig this summer from Shanghai, Lt. Gen. Juancho Sabban, the commander of Philippine military forces 1,500 miles away in the South China Sea, began preparing for trouble.
September 18th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – From the operational commandersÔøΩ perspective, the National Security Cutter is crucial for a growing array of Coast Guard missions.
September 15th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Exercise Northern Coasts (NOCO) 2011 is being conducted in the western Baltic Sea during Sept. 12-23. This year, NOCO, the largest naval exercise in the Baltic, is being combined with the Danish naval exercise DANEX.
September 14th, 2011
- Geopolitics / Pakistan – The Journalist and The Spies – Dexter Filkins reports on the murder of a reporter who exposed PakistanÔøΩs secrets.
September 12th, 2011
- The Atlantic – James Fallows writes that just after the streets of Tunisia and Egypt erupted, China saw a series of ÔøΩJasmineÔøΩ protests-until the government stopped them cold. Its methods were subtler than they had been at Tiananmen Square, and more insidious. Was the regimeÔøΩs defensive reaction just paranoia? Or is the Chinese public less satisfied-and more combustible-than it appears?
September 10th, 2011
- The Atlantic – To thwart the Taliban, marines in Helmand province are teaching the locals to read the Koran.
September 9th, 2011
- Associated Press – Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan stepped up his belligerent rhetoric against Israel, saying that the country’s warships will escort Turkish Gaza-bound aid ships in the future to prevent a repeat of last year’s Israeli raid on a flotilla that killed nine people.
September 8th, 2011
- Time – In the past eight months, acts of piracy have spiked in the waters off West Africa. The wave of violence seems partly inspired by the Somali pirates and partly a result of the mixed blessings that come, countries in the region are finding out, with discovering vast oil reserves.
September 6th, 2011
- Postmedia – The navyÔøΩs last operational submarine is now sidelined until 2016, leaving the service without an underwater capability and potentially throwing into question the future of the submarine fleet.
September 5th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Using attack helicopters from the sea appears to be in vogue, again.
September 4th, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – SyriaÔøΩs rebel youth have had to teach themselves everything.
September 3rd, 2011
- BBC – Demonstrators are gathering on the South Korean island of Jeju to protest at construction of a new naval base.
September 1st, 2011
- The Atlantic – The longtime Atlantic writer reflects on what the United States — and he personally — got wrong and right about Afghanistan and Iraq.
August 31st, 2011
- Associated Press – Israel sent two more warships to the Red Sea border with Egypt, part of a military reinforcement there after warnings that militants are planning another attack on southern Israel from Egyptian soil.
August 30th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – Very interesting look at how the end game in Tripoli unfolded…
August 28th, 2011
- Stars and Stripes – The Navy has completed its latest assessment of the Arctic region, where melting ice is raising strategic questions as well as commercial opportunities.
August 27th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – Navy ships began heading to sea or moving to piers with better weather protection Thursday. The vessels that embarked won’t have trouble outrunning the hurricane.
August 26th, 2011
– BBC – China is on course to build a modern military by 2020, a move that could threaten stability in the Asia-Pacific region, the Pentagon says.
August 19th, 2011
- New Yorker – What happened that night in Abbottabad.
August 18th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Bill Sweetman on how the Marine propaganda offensive in support of the F-35B pounds relentlessly on the advantages of short take off and vertical landing.
August 17th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – A company claims to have developed “the first supercavitating ship”.
August 16th, 2011
- Chinese Navy – China Flexes Naval Muscle – China sent its first aircraft carrier to sea, a defining moment in its effort to become a top-tier naval power that seeks to challenge U.S. military supremacy in Asia and protect Chinese economic interests that now span the globe.
August 15th, 2011
- The Diplomat – ThereÔøΩs been much speculation about the implications of ChinaÔøΩs first aircraft carrier. The Diplomat answers some of the key questions.
August 13th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Its ever-contentious relationship with America is unlikely to change, but the time is right for a reassessment of U.S. strategy in the region.
August 11th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Do our foreign-policy interests compromise our readiness against asymmetric threats?
August 9th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Scenarios of a military conflict with a rising China are pointless if they leave out a glaring detailÔøΩthe global economy.
August 7th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – As the U.S. NavyÔøΩs submarine force faces tighter budgets, it could learn a thing or two from solutions that surfaced from an informal Submarine Officers Conference in the 1920s.
August 5th, 2011
- The Atlantic – In the camouflage industry, deception is an artful science. Got an army you need to hide? With more than a million soldiers in a dozen countries wearing his camouflage patterns, Guy Cramer is now hoping to change how the Pentagon dresses. Inside the evolving science of concealment.
August 3rd, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – A former submarine procurement guru details what was behind the VirginiaÔøΩclass program, one of the most talked-about cost-saving acquisitions in Department of Defense history.
August 1st, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – In a world where defense budgets are shrinking but the U.S. submarine force remains vital to security, viability tomorrow requires stringent planning today.
July 28th, 2011
- MIT Security Studies Program Working Paper – By Owen Cote and highly recommended!
This paper will assess the undersea balance between the U.S. and China by comparing their relative abilities to accomplish their respective undersea warfare objectives. I will assess both the current balance, and how it might evolve in the future. In the latter case, I will focus on opportunities each side will have to adopt competitive strategies, or strategies designed to exploit its unique strengths or its opponentÔøΩs weaknesses in ways that create favorable asymmetries in the resources that must be committed to accomplish particular missions.
July 27th, 2011
- Associated Press – China officially acknowledged Wednesday that it is rebuilding an aircraft carrier bought more than a decade ago, but says the refurbished ship will be used only for research and training – a strong indication it plans to build carriers of its own.
July 26th, 2011
- Geopolitics / New York Times Magazine – If Ali Abdullah Saleh and his generals believe they can defeat protesters, they are taking an enormous risk.
July 22nd, 2011
- Wired- Back in 2009, the Navy and the Air Force secretly shook hands on a new way to work together to fight future wars against major powers. ItÔøΩs called AirSea Battle, and not much about it has been made public. But the Air ForceÔøΩs second in command publicly fretted on Wednesday that some of its core components might not be affordable.
July 21st, 2011
- Aviation Week – For more than a century, surface warships have been struggling to survive against mines, submarines, aircraft and, more recently, cruise missiles. Now ChinaÔøΩs rapid development of a sophisticated anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) raises the threat to a new level.
July 20th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – The $2 billion warship experienced problems with all four of its engines ÔøΩ forcing one to be shut down ÔøΩ on a recent training mission. The Navy still expects to begin a 20-week, pre-deployment training on schedule in August.
July 19th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – What’s been reported elsewhere is that investigators have focused on pilot hypoxia (lack of oxygen) as the primary cause for the November 16 crash of an F-22 operating from Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson in Alaska, and in particular on the functioning of the onboard oxygen generating system (Obogs). What hasn’t been reported is that there is a history of Obogs-related hypoxia issues in the world’s biggest fleet of Obogs-equipped fighters, the bulk of the US Navy Hornet and Super Hornets.
July 17th, 2011
- CNN – Three U.S. Navy ships arrived Friday – as welcome guests – at the Vietnamese port of Da Nang.
July 16th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – The NavyÔøΩs new doctrine should include several related operational concepts for planning and executing future conflicts.
July 15th, 2011
- Washington Times – BeijingÔøΩs top military leader on Monday called for U.S. forces to halt joint naval exercises with ChinaÔøΩs neighbors in the South China Sea and issued a string of complaints about U.S. policy after meeting his U.S. counterpart.
July 14th, 2011
- Mindanao Examiner – The question in everybodyÔøΩs mind is: What if China attacked the Spratlys? And if so, can the Phillipines survive a Chinese attack?
July 13th, 2011
Service at NOSI.org has been restored, and all posts dating back to June 27th are now visible on the home page at http://www.nosi.org. Please visit NOSI and catch up on the last 2 weeks of posts that I had made but that were not visible to you due to a software mix-up after a server migration. I apologize for the apparent outage. — Michael
July 13th, 2011
- The Diplomat – Is the talk around the port of Gwadar a sign that China is considering a string of pearls strategy? Anti-air missile batteries will be the first sign.
July 12th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – U.S. analysts are already suggesting that the new Chinese UAV design — with its 60,000-ft. cruising altitude, 300-mi. radar surveillance range and, possibly, lower radar reflectivity if made from the right composites — could serve as the targeting node for ChinaÔøΩs anti-ship ballistic missiles.
July 11th, 2011
- Wall Street Journal – Tensions in the disputed waters of the South China Sea threaten to distract Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, during a visit to China intended to build on a recent thaw in bilateral military ties.
July 10th, 2011
- BBC – The National Audit Office has expressed deep concern about changes to the Royal Navy’s two new aircraft carriers made in the 2010 defence review.
July 9th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – The Navy moved a step closer to unmanned carrier-based aerial combat last weekend when a modified F/A-18D Hornet made its first carrier touchdown without a pilotÔøΩs guiding hands.
July 8th, 2011
- BBC – Scientists have shown off a “cloaking device” that makes objects invisible – to sound waves.
July 7th, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – Even on an island of unique buildings anchoring the premiere U.S. Navy maritime testing grounds for the serviceÔøΩs most sophisticated air and ballistic missile defense radar systems, the building that those here call the ÔøΩTaj MahalÔøΩ stands apart, gleaming eggshell white near the oceanÔøΩs edge.
July 6th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – I don’t know whether horizontal rain and deep puddles are auspicious for ship naming ceremonies but if they are then DCNS’ latest creation, the Adroit first-of-class Gowind ocean patrol vessel (OPV) is a lucky ship indeed.
July 5th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – The Russians are coming! Well, actually, they’ve been here for a couple of weeks. And we invited them.
July 4th, 2011
- Washington Post – The Navy has fired a dozen commanding officers this year, a near-record rate, with the bulk getting the ax for offenses related to sex, alcohol or other forms of personal misconduct.
July 3rd, 2011
- BBC – A maritime arms race is under way in the South China Sea. Beijing is rapidly developing a host of military capabilities that will enable it to project power well beyond its own shores.
July 2nd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – While Central and South American law enforcement officials have been snatching drug-running submarines in and around the Caribbean for years, according to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, the sub problem might be bigger than many of us had thought.
July 1st, 2011
- National Journal – It isnÔøΩt just people who are dying in Afghanistan. So is an entire concept of war.
June 30th, 2011
- RIA Novosti – Russia resumed tests of its troubled Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile,and the launch – 15th in the Bulava’s history – was successful “by all parameters.”
June 29th, 2011
- Foreign Policy – Not yet.
June 28th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Since 2008, the French defense ministry has ordered four production-model Engin de DÔøΩbarquement Amphibie Rapide (EDA-R) craft from CNIM, with an option on two more, with the goal of providing each of the three Mistral-class amphibious-warfare ships with two of the craft. The first of these is to be delivered in September. Unit cost is EUR15 million.
June 27th, 2011
- National Post – An excellent review of Canada’s 10 year involvement in Afghanistan.
June 27th, 2011
- Wall Street Journal – The service’s top officer plots a post-Afghanistan focus in the Pacific region, where Marines experienced their most devastating losses and most heroic victories.
June 26th, 2011
- Wired – The NavyÔøΩs newest warship is slowly disappearing, one molecule at a time.
Royal Navy – Bandits ÔøΩ neuf heures, Jacques! Royal Navy pilots have language lessons so they can use French aircraft carrier
June 25th, 2011
- Daily Mail – Royal Navy top-gun pilots are being forced to learn French so that they can fly from FranceÔøΩs flagship aircraft carrier.
June 24th, 2011
- Associated Press – Vietnam and the United States are to hold joint naval exercises, Hanoi said on Thursday as regional tensions simmer over territorial claims in the South China Sea.
June 23rd, 2011
- Associated Press – U.S. forces are obliged to help defend Filipino troops, ships or aircraft under a 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty if they come under attack in the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, Philippine officials said, citing past American assurances.
June 22nd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The French army and navy have never before worked in such close cooperation in a major operational mission as they are today in Libya, says French Army Chief of Staff General Elrick Irastorza.
June 21st, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Russian defense export agency Rosoboronexport finally signed the contract with the French military naval systems company for two Mistral-class BPC helicopter landing docks.
June 20th, 2011
- AFP – Taiwan’s navy said Tuesday it would not scrap scheduled patrol missions to disputed islands in the South China Sea, despite a flare-up of regional tensions in the contested waters.
June 19th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – China will boost offshore surveillance by adding ships and 6,000 personnel by 2020 in a move likely to raise tensions with South China Sea neighbours staking rival claims to waters thought to hold vast reserves of oil and gas.
June 19th, 2011
- Associated Press – Philippine President Benigno Aquino III insisted Friday that his country won’t be bullied by China in a territorial spat over the Spratly Islands, but also announced an end to oil exploration in the disputed waters that had angered Beijing.
June 18th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – The head of the Naval task force in the Falklands War has warned that defence cuts mean Britain can now do “precisely nothing” to prevent Argentina retaking the islands.
June 17th, 2011
- Chinese Navy – China stages military drills in South China Sea – China said Friday that its maritime defense forces recently staged three days and nights of exercises in the South China Sea, a disputed, resource-rich region where tensions are rising.
June 17th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – The British military intervention in Libya is unsustainable, the head of the Navy has said.
June 16th, 2011
- Associated Press – Russia is voicing concern about a U.S. warship now just off its shores in the Black Sea. The guided-missile cruiser USS Monterey, which is taking part in annual joint military exercises conducted by NATO and Ukraine, is an integral part of U.S. plans to create a missile shield in Europe, which Russia opposes.
June 15th, 2011
- BBC – A US warship intercepted and halted a North Korean vessel that was bound for Burma and was suspected of carrying missile technology.
June 14th, 2011
- BBC – Vietnam is holding live-fire drills in the South China Sea amid high tensions with China over disputed waters.
June 13th, 2011
- Aviation Week – The sign outside the Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) Composites Facility in Gulfport, Miss., states the companyÔøΩs optimism about the potential for advanced materials in U.S. Navy shipbuilding: ÔøΩComposites, the Wave of the Future.ÔøΩ
June 11th, 2011
- Armed Forces Journal – P.W. Singer writes that unmanned systems could be casualties of budget pressures
June 9th, 2011
- New Yorker – The unintended consequences of American funding in Pakistan.
June 7th, 2011
- New Yorker – An inside look at the workings of the NSA. Is Thomas Drake an enemy of the state? Drake, a former senior executive at the National Security Agency, faces some of the gravest charges that can be brought against an American citizen.
June 5th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – With smaller and lighter unmanned aircraft coming into the mix, the United States can also deploy smaller and lighterÔøΩand less expensiveÔøΩships to carry them.
Geopolitics / China – The West and the Rest: the Changing Global Balance of Power in Historical Perspective
June 3rd, 2011
- Chatham House – Niall Ferguson on the future of China.
June 1st, 2011
- Wall Street Journal – Henry Kissinger on the future of China.
May 30th, 2011
- Aviation Week – Warship design in much of the world may be entering a new era, with requirements driven less by peer-on-peer sea battles and more by lessons of the past decade, combined with economic constraints.
May 29th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – HMS Illustrious, known in the Royal Navy as Lusty, will be returning to sea on June 3 after 16 months of a ÔøΩ45 million modernization of her electronics, data processing systems and living quarters at the Scottish shipyard Babcock.
May 28th, 2011
- The Economist – A look at the changing nature of naval shipbuilding.
May 27th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – French shipbuilder DCNS raised eyebrows at last October’s Euronaval show with its extraordinary SMX-25 concept for a submarine like no contemporary design – sharp-prowed, with a big but low sail and a jet-like stern. At the IMDEX show in Singapore last week, DCNS gave a few more details of the design.
May 26th, 2011
- New York Times – CJ Chivers on how the NATO navies are keeping the sea lifeline to the city of Misurata open.
May 25th, 2011
- BBC – Britain and France are sending attack helicopters to Libya. Britain is sending AH-64 Apaches that will operate off of HMS Ocean; France is sending Tigres and Gazelles to operate off of Tonnerre.
May 24th, 2011
- BBC – Pakistani troops have ended a siege by militants who attacked a naval air force base in Karachi, killing at least 16 people – including 10 soldiers and destroying several P-3C Orion aircraft.
May 23rd, 2011
- BBC – The UK’s military operation in Iraq is to end within hours when the Royal Navy stops training Iraqi sailors.
May 22nd, 2011
- Associated Press – The U.S. is developing aircraft carrier-based drones that could provide a crucial edge as it tries to counter China’s military rise.
May 21st, 2011
- BBC – Nato air strikes have hit eight warships belonging to Col Muammar Gaddafi’s forces in co-ordinated raids on Tripoli, Al Khums and Sirte.
May 20th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – The Navy is turning to modern online gaming technology to help solve one of the most ancient scourges on the high seas: piracy.
May 19th, 2011
- San Diego Union Tribune – Cmdr. Shanti Sethi is the first Indian American woman to command a U.S. Navy warship. So when SethiÔøΩs ship, the destroyer Decatur, docked in India this spring, it was a singular moment in history.
May 18th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Pro-Kaddafi forces have placed their first sea-based improvised explosive devices.
May 17th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The first of class FREMM Aquitaine has just completed three weeks of sea-trials and according to DCNS, which built the frigate, the French navy is very pleased, notably with its maneuverability and propulsion.
May 16th, 2011
- Esquire – Thomas P.M. Barnett analyses the revolutions in the Arab world.
May 15th, 2011
- BBC – Piracy off the Somali coast costs the international community up to $8.3bn (ÔøΩ5.1bn) a year, a new report from the Geopolicity consultancy estimates.
May 14th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The U.K. has for the first time fired a Hellfire from a ship-based WAH-64 Apache attack helicopter as it revives the concept of operating the system from ships after several years during which the mission lay dormant as the helicopters were heavily tasked performing land-based operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
May 13th, 2011
- Aviation Week – The Navy signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Army on May 2 transferring all five of the ArmyÔøΩs Joint High Speed Vessels (JHSV) to the Navy.
May 12th, 2011
- Jerusalem Post – Germany has pledged to build a new submarine for the navy, paving the way for a deal that will boost IsraelÔøΩs strategic long-arm capabilities in the face of IranÔøΩs continued race toward nuclear power.
May 11th, 2011
- New Yorker – Jon Lee Anderson asks can a ragtag civilian army defeat a dictator?
May 10th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – In a string of firsts associated with Wednesday’s deployment, Rear Adm. Nora Tyson, shown, will be a part of history as the first female commander of a carrier strike group. The deployment also coincides with the 100th anniversary of naval aviation.
May 9th, 2011
- Associated Press – Aboard the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle.
May 8th, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – The case against American soldiers accused of murdering Afghan civilians turns on the idea of a rogue unit. But what if the killings are a symptom of a deeper problem?
May 7th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – While pirate attacks have increased, weÔøΩve also seen an increased willingness on the part of U.S., French, Russian and South Korean special forces to get kinetic, boarding and forcibly retaking some of these pirated ships–a risky proposition given that they’re facing an armed and unpredictable enemy–which makes attempts at gaining situational awarness a critical part of the operation. In order to do that, some think itÔøΩs time to call in the robots.
May 6th, 2011
- New York Times – There were 79 people on the assault team that killed Osama bin Laden, but in the end, the success of the mission turned on some two dozen men who landed inside the Qaeda leaderÔøΩs compound, made their way to his bedroom and shot him at close range – all while knowing that the president of the United States was keeping watch from Washington.
May 5th, 2011
- BBC – China is to expand its ocean monitoring agency to protect its maritime interests, a senior official has said.
May 4th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Royal Netherlands Navy minehunter Hr. Ms. Haarlem is hunting mines with its hull-mounted sonar and exploding those found with its Seafox unmanned underwater vehicles.
May 3rd, 2011
- Washington Post – More details emerge on the SEAL Team 6 mission to capture / kill Bin Laden.
May 2nd, 2011
- CNN – US Navy SEALs have killed Osama Bin Laden.
May 1st, 2011
- Aviation Week – Defense analysts and U.S. Navy brass agreeÔøΩChinaÔøΩs recent successes in developing an anti-ship ballistic missile and a more robust navy have made the powerhouse Asian nation a much greater military force to reckon with.
April 30th, 2011
- AFP – NATO warships stopped Muammar Gaddafi forces on Friday from laying anti-ship mines in Misrata’s harbour, the alliance said, accusing the regime of trying to disrupt the flow of aid to the besieged city. “The sea-mines were being laid two to three kilometres offshore and in the approaches to Misrata by deliberately sinking the inflatable boats on which they were being carried,” NATO said in a statement. Three mines were found early on Friday and were being disarmed, the 28-nation alliance said.
April 29th, 2011
- Aviation Week – Shipbuilders that want to obtain or retain U.S. Navy work should look to the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program for inspiration, Navy Secretary Ray Mabus says.
April 27th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Beijing is revealing pictures of its indigenously built J-15 Flying Shark design that is intended to populate the decks of its first aircraft carrier.
April 25th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Bill Sweetman analyses the prospects for further orders of Boeing’s F-18E/F’s from countries around the world.
Operations Other Than War – The military interventions we donÔøΩt plan for ÔøΩ those to protect civilians
April 24th, 2011
- Washington Post – General Anthony Zinni says that “No one argues that planning for wars makes them more likely. Yet this seems to be the underlying reason for the militaryÔøΩs allergy to planning for civilian protection. U.S. armed forces should start treating civilian protection missions as seriously as they take wars. ItÔøΩs only prudent to study mass-atrocity response operations, plan for them and, perhaps most important, conduct exercises with the civilian leaders who would make decisions about potential interventions.”
April 23rd, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Aside from a strong national defense, world peace is now part of ChinaÔøΩs official military mission. Serving both, its fleet could eventually resemble the U.S. Navy.
April 21st, 2011
- AsiaEye – From late 2009 to late 2010, as attention on East Asia was consumed by high tensions on the Korean Peninsula and at the edges of the East China Sea, ChinaÔøΩs powerful military space establishment quietly deployed a record number of spy satellites into lower earth orbit.
April 20th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceeding – The United States should closely watch ChinaÔøΩs supposed peaceful rise, but especially its increasing aggression and capabilities in the western Pacific.
April 19th, 2011
- The Diplomat – The PLA’s expeditionary capabilities will grow significantly in coming years. What are the greater implications?
April 18th, 2011
- Time – How defense cuts will affect the US Navy.
April 17th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Modern amphibious assault vessels grant China an opportunity to project multimission forces into the littoral and beyond, with real potential to destabilize the region.
April 16th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – While the powers in Beijing emerge from the ÔøΩcentury of humiliationÔøΩ and focus their gaze on the Indian Ocean, history could inform how China may be weighing its near-term strategic options in South Asia.
April 15th, 2011
- Associated Press – As French navy Rafale and Super Etendard fighter-bombers carrying laser-guided bombs catapulted Wednesday off the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier into a cloudless Mediterranean sky, officers onboard described the difficulties they face: Despite all the modern technology, troops loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi are harder than ever to identify from the air.
April 14th, 2011
- BBC – The US navy says the Chinese navy has been less aggressive in contested waters in the Asia-Pacific region.
April 13th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – In numbers terms, the F-35B STOVL variant of the Joint Strike Fighter has made rapid flight-test progress since the beginning of the year, racking up 61 vertical landings compared with just 10 in 2010. Improving mechanical reliability and adding aircraft to STOVL-mode flight testing appears to be paying off.
April 12th, 2011
- New York Times – The Chinese state news agency has posted photographs of an aircraft carrier under reconstruction that appears to show the warship near completion. Captions with the photos said that the work would end soon and that the carrier was expected to sail later this year.
April 11th, 2011
- New Yorker – Dexter Filkins asks can protesters find a path between dictatorship and anarchy in Yemen?
April 10th, 2011
- New York Times – CJ Chivers assesses the state of the Libyan rebels.
April 9th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – During the three weeks that the Norfolk-based destroyer Stout spent off the coast of Libya, its crew didn’t get to talk or email much with friends and family back home. For one thing, commanders ordered tighter restrictions on communication. For another, the sailors were too busy.
April 8th, 2011
- BBC – In a shipyard in Scotland the future of the Royal Navy is slowly taking shape. But the construction of the aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth is a mammoth task.
April 7th, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates says it has the ÔøΩpotential to do for AmericaÔøΩs military deterrent power . . . what AirLand Battle didÔøΩ in the 20th century. The chief of naval operations sees it as paradigm-shifting. ÔøΩI donÔøΩt want to be over the top,ÔøΩ Navy Adm. Gary Roughhead said at an Aviation Week conference in February, ÔøΩbut itÔøΩs pretty ground-breaking.ÔøΩ What has these men seemingly so excited? The answer: The nascent AirSea Battle concept now being hammered out by Air Force, Navy and other defense officials inside the Pentagon and elsewhere.
April 6th, 2011
- Wall Street Journal – Faced with a wave of mental-health problems among returning troops, the Corps is training young MarinesÔøΩdown to corporals and sergeantsÔøΩto sniff out combat stress among their peers on the front lines and tackle it directly on the field of battle.
April 5th, 2011
- Guardian – HMS Vengeance had temporary ‘defect in propulsion’, a mechanical failure possibly due to ingesting sea debris.
April 4th, 2011
- New York Times Magazine – The sudden, bloody transformation of normal citizens into rebels.
April 3rd, 2011
Defense Technology International – As the U.S. Navy begins to design the SSBN(X) ÔøΩ the next class of ballistic-missile submarines ÔøΩ the service needs to define requirements with a keen eye toward life-cycle costs and tube-launching options, according to former Navy officers.
April 2nd, 2011
- Vanity Fair – Last summer, the worldÔøΩs top software-security experts were panicked by the discovery of a drone-like computer virus, radically different from and far more sophisticated than any theyÔøΩd seen. The race was on to figure out its payload, its purpose, and who was behind it. As the world now knows, the Stuxnet worm appears to have attacked IranÔøΩs nuclear program. And, as Michael Joseph Gross reports, while its source remains something of a mystery, Stuxnet is the new face of 21st-century warfare: invisible, anonymous, and devastating.
April 1st, 2011
- MCOT – ThailandÔøΩs sole aircraft carrier HTMS Chakri Naruebet carrying 753 tourists, including 551 foreign visitors from Tao Island in Surat Thani province to safety docked at the Sattahip naval base in the eastern province of Chonburi Thursday as Thailand’s flood crisis took its toll on the southern provinces leaving at least 20 people dead.
March 31st, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – Stepping up attacks far from the front-line fighting, a Norfolk-based U.S. Navy ship fired 22 Tomahawk cruise missiles at weapon storage sites around Tripoli on Tuesday.
March 30th, 2011
March 30th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Excellent look at the war in the air in Libya.
March 30th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Russian Defense Ministry purchased 12 new surface ships from Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg. The new order includes 4 project 22350 frigates and 8 project 20385 corvettes and is placed in the framework of the new procurement program through 2020.
March 29th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – In a sign of U.S. confidence that the weeklong assault on Libya has tamed Moammar Gadhafi’s air defenses, the Pentagon has reduced the amount of naval firepower arrayed against him.
March 28th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – On March 5 the Vietnamese Navy officially took into service the first Gepard class frigate.
March 27th, 2011
- Associated Press – When U.S. Navy helicopters returned from a humanitarian mission on the first weekend following Japan’s earthquake and tsunami, Lt. j.g. James Powell felt a slight unease.
March 26th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Israeli naval vessels intercepted the Liberian-flagged cargo ship ÔøΩVictoriaÔøΩ about 200 miles west of the Israeli coast, after intelligence reports indicated the vessel could be carrying arms shipments destined for Gaza. An initial investigation revealed the ship was loaded with C-704 anti-ship missiles ÔøΩ shore-to-sea missiles with a range of 35 km that could put at risk Israeli vessels at sea as well as strategic infrastructure targets near Ashkelon.
March 25th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – CongressÔøΩ inability to approve a 2011 budget is causing significant problems for the Navy, officials say, by delaying ship repairs; reducing aircraft flight hours and ship steaming hours; postponing construction projects; and disrupting the orderly moves of sailors and their families.
March 24th, 2011
- StrategyPage – Excellent analysis of the current situation on the ground in Libya.
March 24th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – The Royal Navy could run out of Tomahawk missiles after a fifth of the Navy stockpile has been used against Libya.
March 24th, 2011
- Washington Post – When some Chinese naval officers crossed the Pacific to visit the Naval War College here on an Atlantic-lapped island, they gazed reverently at a desk used by Capt. Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840-1914). This compliment to AmericaÔøΩs preeminent naval strategist has scholars here wondering whether MahanÔøΩs Chinese readers are taking from him lessons similar to those Theodore Roosevelt derived.
March 23rd, 2011
- Al Jazeera – Ankara offers ships and submarine to help enforce arms embargo on Libya as talks over NATO’s role in Libya continue.
March 23rd, 2011
- Flight Global – French navy Dassault Rafales have flown their first sorties in support of the coalition campaign against the regime of Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi, launching from the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle.
March 23rd, 2011
- Washington Post – Scholars at the Naval War College here probably nodded in vigorous agreement with a recent lecture delivered at another military institution 130 miles away. Speaking at West Point to leaders of tomorrowÔøΩs Army, Defense Secretary Robert Gates said that ÔøΩany future defense secretary who advises the president to again send a big American land army into Asia or into the Middle East or Africa should ÔøΩhave his head examined,ÔøΩ as General MacArthur so delicately put it.ÔøΩ This underscored GatesÔøΩs point that ÔøΩthe most plausible, high-end scenarios for the U.S. military are primarily naval and air engagements – whether in Asia, the Persian Gulf or elsewhere.ÔøΩ
March 22nd, 2011
- BBC – Nice summary of the military assets currently operating against Libya.
March 22nd, 2011
- Armed Forces Journal – Losing the EFV doesnÔøΩt jeopardize the MarinesÔøΩ future.
March 21st, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – The new Commandant evaluates the serviceÔøΩs recent successes but prescribes a pragmatic agenda.
March 20th, 2011
- Air & Space – The new, supersonic face of e-warfare.
March 19th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – In the 1916 Battle of Jutland, two Royal Navy battlecruisers exploded because their armor had been sacrificed for speed, famously prompting Admiral David Beatty to remark, ÔøΩThere seems to be something wrong with our bloody ships today.ÔøΩ In our day, as littoral combat ship (LCS) construction continues, many mutter similar complaints. The trimaran hull of the Independence class causes some of the dismay, but even more so for naval planners is the sacrifice of armor and armament for high speed.
March 18th, 2011
- National Interest – A surprisingly optimistic global strategic assessment from Robert D. Kaplan and his brother.
March 17th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – Based on punitive offensive operations short of nuclear attack, IndiaÔøΩs new doctrine against Pakistan flirts with Armageddon.
March 16th, 2011
- Newsweek – Niall Ferguson writes that most rebellions end in carnage and tyranny. So why are Americans cheering on the Arab revolutionary wave?
March 15th, 2011
- Harvard Asia Quarterly – A historical look at Chinese naval aspirations.
March 14th, 2011
- The Atlantic – Andrew J. Bacevich on how in 1961, Dwight Eisenhower famously identified the military-industrial complex, warning that the growing fusion between corporations and the armed forces posed a threat to democracy. Judged 50 years later, IkeÔøΩs frightening prophecy actually understates the scope of our modern systemÔøΩand the dangers of the perpetual march to war it has put us on.
March 13th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – In light of global economic and strategic realities, hereÔøΩs how the Navy of the future might look.
March 12th, 2011
- CNN – The US Navy is standing by to assist Japan.
March 12th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – Crew members of the Bulkeley came to the aid of a Japanese vessel on Saturday and arrested the four Somalis suspected of trying to hijack it. The Bulkeley was one of four U.S. Navy ships that tried last month to free four Americans off East Africa who were later shot and killed.
March 11th, 2011
- Aerospace America – ChinaÔøΩs surging military space program is poised to challenge U.S. aircraft carrier operations in the Pacific, as Chinese military spacecraft already gather significant new radar, electrooptical
imaging, and signal intelligence data globally.
March 10th, 2011
- New York Times – C.J. Chivers writes that if the American-led fight against the Taliban was once a contest for influence in well-known and conventionally defined areas – the capital and large cities, main roads, the border with Pakistan, and a handful of prominent valleys and towns – today it has become something else. Slowly, almost imperceptibly, the United States military has settled into a campaign for scattered villages and bits of terrain that few people beyond their immediate environs have heard of.
March 10th, 2011
- San Diego Union Tribune – After 10 years of acting as AmericaÔøΩs second land army, the U.S. Marine Corps will be slimmed down to ÔøΩmiddleweightÔøΩ fighter status, its leader says.
March 9th, 2011
- Daily Telegraph – For 500 years Western civilisation was full of self-belief, but now, historian Niall Ferguson argues its dominance is coming to an end.
March 8th, 2011
- Associated Press – When China launched threatening war games off Taiwan 15 years ago on the eve of an election on the self-governing island, the U.S. deployed two aircraft carriers, and China quickly backed down. Things don’t seem so one-sided any more.
March 7th, 2011
- Associated Press – After being robbed by Libyan soldiers and huddling in a transit camp on the Tunisian border for several days, some 400 laborers fleeing Libya found themselves on perhaps the strangest stretch of their odyssey – a ride home in three German warships.
March 6th, 2011
- Associated Press – The cacophony of gunfire and bombing that dominated this southern river valley in the fall has dropped to a whisper, but U.S. Marines who have paid a heavy price battling the Taliban in Afghanistan’s deadliest spot expect the insurgents to hit back hard.
March 5th, 2011
- Washington Post – Robert D. Kaplan writes that with the toppling of autocratic regimes in Egypt and Tunisia – and other Arab dictators, such as Libya’s, on the ropes – some have euphorically announced the arrival of democracy in the Middle East. But something more subtle may develop.
March 4th, 2011
- BBC – Talks are under way to free three Dutch marines captured in Libya as they tried to evacuate foreign citizens.
March 3rd, 2011
- Wall Street Journal – Sixty ships were commonly underway in America’s seaward approaches in 1998, but today there are only 20. We are abdicating our role on the oceans.
March 2nd, 2011
- Associated Press – Iran’s navy chief says he is seeking closer naval ties with Syria.
March 1st, 2011
- Press TV – As pro-democracy protests rage in Libya, the Italian navy assault ship San Giorgio has prepared to evacuate Italians and people of other nationalities in the North African country’s port city of Misrata.
February 28th, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – After two years, multiple breakdowns and more than $40 million in fixes, the amphibious transport dock is nearly ready for sea tests. The shipÔøΩs troubles, estimated in the thousands, included major engine problems.
February 27th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Marine Corps Force Structure Review Group reported to Defense Secretary Robert Gates on Monday of last week, and Gates endorsed its conclusions.
February 26th, 2011
- Canadian Press – China is taking the unprecedented step of dispatching a navy ship to protect its citizens being evacuated from conflict-ridden Libya ÔøΩ underscoring the navy’s growing capabilities and Beijing’s need to protect its citizens abroad.
February 25th, 2011
- Washington Post – Iranian officials on Tuesday hailed the passage of two warships through Egypt’s Suez Canal as a milestone in Iran’s effort to play a greater role in maritime affairs.
February 25th, 2011
- New York Times – Thomas Friedman on just how difficult a democratic transition will be for the Middle East.
February 24th, 2011
- Washington Post – The deaths of a US coupler, at the hands of pirates who had ostensibly entered into negotiations with commanders aboard the nearby USS Sterett, reflected the increasingly violent ways of Somali pirates who have been pushing further out to sea in search of victims.
February 24th, 2011
- Associated Press – The frigate HMS Cumberland is being deployed off the Libyan coast in the event that it could be needed for a sea-borne evacuation of British citizens living there
February 23rd, 2011
- BBC – Two Iranian warships have entered the Suez Canal to make a passage to the Mediterranean Sea, canal officials say.
February 22nd, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Juan Carlos I, Spain’s amphibious aircraft carrier launched on September 30, 2010, is undergoing year-long sea trials and last week started the process of gaining its air-naval certification.
February 21st, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – The U.S. Navy is building on the successful first flight of the stealthy, tailless Northrop Grumman X-47B demonstrator as a pivotal step toward the long-held goal of marrying persistent, autonomous unmanned intelligence and strike aircraft with the reach of its fleet of aircraft carriers.
February 20th, 2011
- Washington Times – Ukrainian authorities have imposed a six-year prison term on a Russian man convicted of spying for China who was assigned to steal military secrets for Beijing’s program to build and operate aircraft carriers.
February 19th, 2011
- Economist – ChinaÔøΩs ocean scientists will soon start exploring a controversial patch of sea.
February 18th, 2011
- BBC – Plans by two Iranian warships to pass through the Suez Canal into the Mediterranean have been cancelled, says an Egyptian official.
February 17th, 2011
- Associated Press – A new ÔøΩcarrier killerÔøΩ missile that has become a symbol of ChinaÔøΩs rising military might will not force the U.S. Navy to change the way it operates in the Pacific, a senior Navy commander told the Associated Press.
February 16th, 2011
- Newsweek – Niall Ferguson on ObamaÔøΩs Egypt debacle and the vacuum it exposes.
February 15th, 2011
- Associated Press – As if life on a submarine wasnÔøΩt already stressful enough, with its cramped quarters, long work hours and weeks at sea, thousands of smokers on the U.S. NavyÔøΩs submarine fleet recently got an unwelcome ultimatum from Uncle Sam. As of last month, all submarines in the U.S. Navy are officially smoke free ÔøΩ and itÔøΩs been a tense transition.
February 14th, 2011
- BBC – A Danish warship has captured a suspected pirate mother ship off Somalia, Nato’s counter-piracy mission has said.
February 13th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – ItÔøΩs time for the Marine Corps to examine its role across the broad expanse of national strategy rather than the narrow focus of a single-purpose mission.
February 12th, 2011
- Armed Forces Journal – Like a shipÔøΩs hull with too many barnacles, seabasing is laden with unnecessary conceptual debris that has obscured its central tenets and confused its core strengths. As the Navy ponders its roles and corresponding force structure for the coming decades, it is worth putting seabasing in dry dock and stripping it clean. Only then will a vision appropriate to the 21st century emerge.
February 11th, 2011
- Rolling Stone – Petraeus has a new plan to finish the war: Double down on a failed strategy.
February 10th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – A former surface warfare officer looks at the cause and effect of the recent spate of surface-ship commanding officer firings.
February 9th, 2011
- The Economist – AmericaÔøΩs navy is developing an antenna made of seawater
February 8th, 2011
- The Economist – Piracy off the coast of Somalia is getting worse. Time to act.
February 7th, 2011
- Indian Navy – Indian navy seizes pirates’ Indian Ocean mothership – More than 20 pirates have been captured and some two dozen hostages rescued from a hijacked Thai fishing trawler in the Indian Ocean, the Indian defence ministry has said.
February 6th, 2011
– New Yorker – Excellent analysis by Dexter Filkins of the corruption that permeates the Afghan government. The telling quote:
“The allegations against many appear to confirm wider suspicions that the vast army of private gunmen here, many hired to escort supply convoys headed for NATO military bases, often accomplish their work by bribing the Taliban to hold their fire. These bribes are believed by officials here and in Washington to be one of the main sources of the TalibanÔøΩs income. One Western diplomat told me that bribes paid to Taliban commanders by the private security contractors, along with the other ways the Taliban extort Western money, are themselves enough to finance a robust insurgency. ÔøΩIt costs NATO a hundred and forty thousand dollars to keep a soldier in the field for a year, and a Taliban fighter a fraction of that,ÔøΩ he said. ÔøΩIf just ten per cent of that money gets to the TalibanÔøΩthrough bribes or extortion or whateverÔøΩthatÔøΩs enough to keep five Taliban fighters in the field.ÔøΩ”
February 5th, 2011
- The Economist – For all the efforts to combat it, Somali piracy is posing an ever greater threat to the worldÔøΩs shipping.
February 4th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – If the U.S. Navy has it way, it will soon be able to predict pirate attacks against civilian ships by combining wind, wave, and water current data with human and surveillance intel, and feeding the mix into algorithms that take into account pirate tactics, the time of day they normally attack, and the range of their vessels.
February 3rd, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – On the American ballistic submarine USS Maine in waters off the Florida coast not too long ago, two submariners eyed a U.S. aircraft carrier through their periscope in the roiling sea. ÔøΩI think itÔøΩs the Washington,ÔøΩ one submariner said. ÔøΩIt doesnÔøΩt matter ÔøΩ it doesnÔøΩt know weÔøΩre here,ÔøΩ the other replied, eyeing the carrier through the scope. ÔøΩBang,ÔøΩ he said. ÔøΩYouÔøΩre dead.ÔøΩ
February 2nd, 2011
- BBC – When British troops in Helmand need air support, it doesn’t only come from airfields within Afghanistan itself – it may come from a floating runway 500 miles away.
February 1st, 2011
- Air Force – A force buildup on Guam anchors a broad US military strategy to keep China in check.
January 31st, 2011
- The News – A look at the Pakistani Navy’s current world view.
January 30th, 2011
- US Naval Institute Proceedings – It is clear that the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program cannot live up to expectations. Yet the surface Navy still badly needs low-end ships for littoral and maritime-security missions.
January 29th, 2011
- Esquire – Thomas P. M. Barnett on why the “China Century” will be the shortest on record
January 28th, 2011
- US Naval War College Review – A very interesting article looking at how to use low-cost and cheap obscurants to defeat Chinese antiship cruise missiles and antiship ballistic missiles.
January 27th, 2011
- US Navy – Small-boat simulator tests Little Creek crew’s mettle – More and more, the Navy is turning to simulators to train its sailors. Its Expeditionary Combat Command, which oversees the maritime security teams, owns more than 100. They can replicate everything from interacting with locals in Afghanistan to operating a crane during a humanitarian mission, responding to small-arms fire in a war zone or leading a supply convoy in Iraq.
January 26th, 2011
- The Diplomat – In the third of a series on Asia-Pacific navies, Alessio Patalano argues that Japan has had no choice but to develop a powerful navy.
January 25th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Bill Sweetman’s update on the state of the F-35B STOVL variant.
January 24th, 2011
- New York Times – Robert D. Kaplan writes that the West stands captivated by Tunisia, where a month of peaceful protests by secular working- and middle-class Arabs has toppled a dictator, raising hopes that this North African country of 10 million will set off democracy movements throughout a region of calcified dictatorships. But before we envision a new Middle East remade in the manner of Europe 1989, it is worth cataloguing the pivotal ways in which Tunisia is unique.
January 23rd, 2011
- BBC – Malaysia says its navy commandos have foiled an attempted hijacking of a ship in the Gulf of Aden, rescuing 23 crew and capturing seven Somali pirates.
January 22nd, 2011
- BBC – South Korean navy commandos have stormed a cargo ship which had been seized by pirates in the Arabian Sea.
January 22nd, 2011
- Virginian Pilot – A technological breakthrough at Los Alamos National Laboratory could pave the way for megawatt-class lasers, which would be used to provide highly precise shipboard defense without fear of running out of ammunition.
January 21st, 2011
- New York Review of Books – Ahmed Rashid on the current situation in Afghanistan.
January 20th, 2011
- Washington Post – China has taken a major step toward commissioning its first aircraft carrier by largely completing the restoration of a derelict ship purchased from Ukraine.
January 19th, 2011
- New York Times – CJ Chivers shares video of a Marine ambush in Afghanistan.
January 18th, 2011
- Washington Post – The backroom congressional battle over Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates’s plan to eliminate the Marine Corps’ multibillion-dollar amphibious Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle will be fought out at the same time as the Corps wrestles with how to shrink its forces.
January 17th, 2011
- New York Times – The Dimona complex in the Negev desert is famous as the heavily guarded heart of IsraelÔøΩs never-acknowledged nuclear arms program, where neat rows of factories make atomic fuel for the arsenal. Over the past two years, according to intelligence and military experts familiar with its operations, Dimona has taken on a new, equally secret role ÔøΩ as a critical testing ground in a joint American and Israeli effort to undermine IranÔøΩs efforts to make a bomb of its own. Behind DimonaÔøΩs barbed wire, the experts say, Israel has spun nuclear centrifuges virtually identical to IranÔøΩs at Natanz, where Iranian scientists are struggling to enrich uranium. They say Dimona tested the effectiveness of the Stuxnet computer worm, a destructive program that appears to have wiped out roughly a fifth of IranÔøΩs nuclear centrifuges and helped delay, though not destroy, TehranÔøΩs ability to make its first nuclear arms.
January 16th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Nice article by Bill Sweetman on how the real purpose of the new Chinese J-20 stealth fighter may be to serve as an anti-access area-denial weapon against the US Navy.
January 15th, 2011
- Associated Press – Liu Huaqing, the father of the modern Chinese navy, has died at age 95.
January 14th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The EA-18G Growler and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter will both carry an airborne network invasion weapon, says U.S. NavyÔøΩs top intelligence official.
January 13th, 2011
- The New Yorker – Peter Maas describes how the media inflated a minor moment in a long war.
January 12th, 2011
World Naval Operational News Highlights
The ten most significant naval news stories / themes this year included:
- The declaration by the US Navy that the Chinese anti-ship ballistic missile DF-21D has reached initial operational capability. What countermeasures is the US planning to use against it?
- The publication of the “Air-Sea Battle” concept by the US as a strategy to neutralize the rise of the Chinese Navy. What steps does the US need to take to transform strategy into action?
- The sinking of the South Korean Navy frigate Cheonan by a North Korean torpedo. What will be the next act of insanity that North Korea will commit, and how will South Korea respond to it?
- The disastrous Israeli naval commando raid against the Gaza relief convoy that resulted in many civilian deaths. How could the mission’s planners not have expected heavy resistance?
- The extension of Russia’s lease on its Black Sea Fleet base in the Ukraine and the news that it will upgrade and enlarge its fleet there. How will this affect NATO’s increasing operations in the Black Sea?
- The survival of the Royal Navy’s under-construction aircraft carriers after its defense review, albeit with a shift in their air wing from the F-35B STOVL variant to the F-35C naval variant. Will these aircraft ever actually be purchased or will the Queen Elizabeth-class become the world’s largest commando carriers?
- The continued drain of piracy on the world’s navies. When will one country step forward and start prosecuting and jailing pirates?
- The US Navy’s (non) decision to purchase equal numbers of both versions of the Littoral Combat Ship. How is this going to lead to logistical and budgetary efficiencies?
- The continued importance of operations other than war to the US Navy, evidenced by the relief delivered to earthquake-ravaged Haiti led by U.S.S. Bataan and to flood-ravaged Pakistan by U.S.S. Peleliu. When will the US Navy be recognized for the good it does in these operations?
- The final withdrawal of US Marines from Iraq, closely coupled to their redeployment to Afghanistan. Will the surge in Afghanistan be as militarily successful as the one in Iraq?
In 2010, there were news stories linked to on 347 / 365 days – that is on 95% of the days.
In 2010, NOSI linked to 436 news stories.
In 2010, 140 of these stories (32%) were related to the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Coast Guard, or U.S. Military Sealift Command.
In 2010, 110 of these stories (25%) were background stories.
The remaining 186 news stories (43%) covered the operational activities of 28 nation’s navies, coast guards, and marine corps:
Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vietnam
In 2010, 180,010 pages of information were read on NOSI by 120,095 users. There were 63,972 post views (impressions) and 134 fans (members) on the NOSI Facebook page.
January 11th, 2011
- Aviation Week and Space Technology – Australian analysts are starting to examine how combat between the U.S. and China over the Taiwan Strait might play out and whatÔøΩs needed to produce a win for small, high-tech forces.
January 10th, 2011
- New York Times – The Pentagon is stepping up investments in a range of weapons, jet fighters and technology in response to the Chinese military buildup in the Pacific, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said Saturday on the eve of his visit to Beijing.
January 9th, 2011
- The Diplomat – Maritime strategy seems increasingly focused on the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf. It risks leaving the Navy vulnerable in the Pacific.
January 8th, 2011
- Washington Post – A long-troubled $14 billion program to build a landing craft for the Marine Corps is destined for the chopping block, defense officials and analysts said Wednesday, part of $100 billion in savings that Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates has pledged to squeeze from the Pentagon’s budget.
January 7th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – Now that the U.S. Navy has worked out its shipbuilding plan for its Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), the service can start eyeing a possible common combat system for the LCS fleet.
January 6th, 2011
- Defense Technology International – The Navy wasted little time in taking advantage of congressional support for the serviceÔøΩs dual-block-buy plan for its Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), awarding fixed-price-incentive contracts tonight to both Lockheed Martin and Austal USA for the design and construction of a 10 ship block-buy each.
January 5th, 2011
- Washington Post – Nice insight into how the US should be spending its defense dollars…
January 4th, 2011
- Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments – A detailed look at the Air Sea Battle plan…
January 3rd, 2011
- We invite you to try the newly updated War Studies Primer (http://www.warstudiesprimer.org) – an introductory course on the study of war and military history. Its purpose is to provide an introduction, or primer, to the study of war.
War Studies Primer is presented as a lecture curriculum at the university level. It is a free, non-credit, self-study course that consists of 28 lectures and over 1,400 slides and is updated on a yearly basis.
You may get started by looking at slides 2 and 3 in the War Studies Primer for its Table of Contents, and then choose a lecture to read and enjoy.
Discussion regarding War Studies Primer may be found on our Facebook page at http://www.facebook.com/warstudiesprimer – become a Fan and join in!
January 3rd, 2011
- UPI – Portugal took delivery of the second of two Class 209PN diesel submarines, the NRP Arpao, handed over at the Baltic coast shipyards of Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft.
January 2nd, 2011
-Chinese Navy – Military strength is eluding China – A different view of the Chinese Navy’s strength…
January 1st, 2011
- Defense Technology International – On December 11, the Navy and Marine Corps kicked off Bold Alligator, a simulation that marks the largest joint fleet simulated amphibious exercise in the last 10 years. Brig. Gen. Christopher S. Owens of the II Marine Expeditionary Force, the Marine component of Exercise Bold Alligator, said in a conference call last week that while it’s the first brigade-level amphibious exercise in quite some time, ÔøΩit’s also a first step in our revitalization of our amphibious proficiency with larger or brigade-size unitsÔøΩ after a decade of kicking sand.