Undersea Lawfare: Can the U.S. Navy Fall Victim to This Asymmetric Warfare Threat?

US Naval War College Review – It is possible for a competitor or potential enemy to use systemic American vulnerabilities to wage a campaign of misinformation and legal challenges to reduce US military and antisubmarine-warfare readiness. In particular, this article focuses on how adversaries could use environmental lawfare covertly to wage war against the use of active sonar during testing, training, and operations. Allowed to proceed unchecked heretofore, this use of undersea lawfare may already be providing potential adversaries an inexpensive way of reducing the antisubmarine-warfare capabilities of the US Navy and its allies. This article is intended to stimulate action by warfighters and policy makers to identify, assess, and address this threat.