China militarizing deep sea

Washington Times – Space and cyberspace are not the sole domains for China’s growing asymmetric warfare programs. The Chinese military has another development program only recently disclosed that is part of the decadeslong buildup of weapons and forces: deep sea.

The U.S. Navy’s P-8 Poseidon Patrol Plane Has a Neat Feature: Tracking Land Targets

National Interest – The APS-154 transforms the P-8 into a surface-surveillance platform similar to the U.S. Air Force’s E-8 radar plane.

U.S. Advance and Russia’s Deep Concerns: The Operations Center in Ochakiv

USNI Blog – Russia has been carefully observing the activities of the U.S and British navies in the Black Sea region. It protested through diplomatic channels that the main thrust of Sea Breeze 2018, a Black Sea exercise with Ukraine, was anti-Russian. And according to the Russian Institute of Strategic Research, it was not a coincidence when after Sea Breeze 2017, the United States revealed plans to build a maritime operations center in Ochakiv, a small city located between Crimea and Odessa at the mouth of the Dnieper River.

U.K. Developing its Own Extra Large UUV for Royal Navy

USNI News – Britain’s Ministry of Defence is exploring options for the development of an Extra Large Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (XLUUV) to conduct covert missions at distances of up to ranges 3,000 nautical miles for three months at a time for the Royal Navy.

China’s Arctic Policy and its Potential Impact on Canada’s Arctic Security

CIMSEC – China’s Arctic policy has to be examined in the context of its domestic politics and its geopolitical and geostrategic concerns.

Navies, companies push for torpedo-killing torpedoes

Defense News – Naval forces worldwide are pushing the idea of anti-torpedo torpedoes, with varying success, aiming to translate the promises of missile defense technology into undersea warfare.

Adapting Command and Control for 21st Century Seapower

CIMSEC – As the United States winds down from two regional land conflicts that have dominated the 21st century, great power competition with China and Russia rightly dominates defense planning and operations. Consequently, American seapower must once again evolve to meet the challenges of sustaining America’s prosperity and security in a multi-polar world. No element of modern seapower is more worthy of evolution than the operational relationship between the Navy and Marine Corps, and this essay asserts that the 21st century approach to command and control (C2) of these forces must embrace the integrated approach offered by the Joint functional commander concept and its maritime instantiation, the Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander (JFMCC).

F-35B Allowed Essex ARG to Flex New Blue-Water Capabilities in Absence of Carrier Nearby

USNI News – The F-35B Joint Strike Fighter is not only changing the way Marine forces conduct their missions, it is also changing the way the amphibious navy can do its work in the absence of an aircraft carrier.

232 Unmanned Ships May Be Key To Countering China, Russia

Breaking Defense – The Navy is scrambling to write its new acquisition and operational playbook on the fly, a decision based as much on what US rivals are doing as it is on what the service hasn’t done in recent decades. The construction and innovation booms being undertaken by the Chinese — and to a lesser extent Russian — navies, are forcing the admirals at the Pentagon to push new, still mostly theoretical, unmanned technologies into the water as quickly as possible for urgent make-or-break tests.

Navy Investing in Researching Next-Generation Missiles, Enhancing Current Ones

USNI News – The Navy has a new Offensive Missile Strategy that replaces an older and narrower plan and tackles offensive lethality in a three-pronged fashion: sustaining current systems, enhancing current systems and developing next-generation weapons to address future threats.

The Navy’s Newest Nemesis: Hypersonic Weapons

CIMSEC – In January 2019, Chinese Communist Party leaders announced that the newest iteration of their DF-17 missile system was being designed to overwhelm and sink U.S. aircraft carriers and surface combatants stationed in the West Pacific. According to official statements from the People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF), a targeted salvo of eight hypersonic glide vehicles (HGVs) set aloft by DF-17s would swamp a surface vessel’s close-in point defenses and annihilate it through incredible transfers of kinetic energy.

Here’s Everything We Know About The Ongoing Search For Japan’s Crashed F-35

War Zone – The search and rescue effort continues for the F-35 and its pilot with a Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force submarine rescue vessel joining the effort.

Small States Need Balanced Navies

USNI Proceedings – Small states can use creative solutions to overcome manpower and resource challenges and build navies for coastal defense.

Russia’s Dangerous Undersea Games

National Interest – In the early 1980s, a series of dangerous naval maneuvers on both sides brought the superpowers to the brink of nuclear catastrophe. Here we go again.

USS Fitzgerald CO, Junior Officer Receive Formal Censure Ahead of Dismissal of Negligence Charges

USNI News – Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer has issued formal letters of censure to the former commander and tactical action officer of USS Fitzgerald (DDG-62) for their roles in the June 17, 2017, collision between a destroyer and a merchant ship.

U.S. Navy Looking To Arm Its Subs With Tiny Torpedoes That Intercept Incoming Torpedoes

War Zone – The compact weapons could give subs substantially greater magazine depth, a hard-kill anti-torpedo countermeasure, and more.

F-35C Readiness Rises, Navy Fighter Shortfall Fades

Breaking Defense – Naval aviation is on the mend as readiness rises and fleet age falls.

U.S. Navy Not Changing Rules of Engagement with Iran’s IRGC Navy

USNI News – The Navy isn’t anticipating changes in how it deals with the naval branch of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) as it operates in the Persian Gulf. The rules of engagement haven’t changed following the White House’s designation this week of the IRGC as a terrorist organization.

China’s Next Naval Target Is the Internet’s Underwater Cables

Bloomberg – Worried about Huawei’s 5G? Wait till it gets into the game for 95 percent of all data and voice traffic.

How Combined Navies and Coast Guards Coalesce: A Maritime Forces Learning Model

CIMSEC – Walk into a bar in any country and ask a bunch of naval officers, coast guard officers and merchant mariners (Yes, I have done this), “Why is it that maritime forces are able to come together so quickly and effectively when the maritime domain is under duress?” You will hear answers such as . . . “We just know how to work together.” A Spanish admiral told me, “We speak the same language,” and an Indian naval officer told me, “We’re cut from the same cloth.” Examining some historical examples of how maritime security organizations have successfully come together in times of crisis will shed light on this fascinating phenomenon.

Operation Eminent Shield: The Advent of Unmanned Distributed Maritime Operations

CIMSEC – Part 3 in an excellent fiction series on near-future naval undersea operations.

U.S. Amphibious Assault Ship Loaded With F-35s Operating Off Disputed South China Sea Shoal

War Zone – Filipino fishermen have spotted the U.S. Navy amphibious assault ship USS Wasp sailing and conducting flight operations off the Scarborough Shoal in the South China Sea.

Discarding the Ptolemaic Model of the Marine Corps

War on the Rocks – According to the Ptolemaic model, the Earth is at the center of the universe, with the rest of the universe orbiting around it. According to the heliocentric model, the sun is at the center of the solar system, and the Earth and other planets revolve around it. From even before we earn the title of marine, we are indoctrinated with a Ptolemaic view of Marine Corps history that emphasizes the contribution of the Corps above other services, sometimes at the limit of reality.

The U.S. Navy Has Unveiled A New Hydrofoil, Its First In Decades

War Zone – Until now, we thought the Navy abandoned its interest in hydrofoils in the early 1990s.

Cost and Survivability: Acquiring the Gator Navy

CIMSEC – While much of the news surrounding ships and their growing price tags focuses on aircraft carriers and ballistic missile submarines, there is another class of ship that likewise threatens to break the Navy’s bank – amphibious ships.