Strategic Strong Points and Chinese Naval Strategy

Jamestown Foundation – On August 1, 2017, China opened its first overseas military base, in the East African nation of Djibouti. This was a landmark event that raised a whole host of questions for Indo-Pacific states: Is Djibouti the first of other bases to come? If so, how many? Where will China build them? How will they be used? Where do they fit into Chinese military strategy? Chinese policymakers and analysts are pondering these same questions. However, they are employing concepts unique to Chinese strategic discourse, and it is essential to grasp these concepts in order to understand how Beijing intends to project military power abroad.

Details of China’s nuclear-powered icebreaker revealed

RCI – To be powered by two reactors, the vessel will manage to crush ice in the Arctic at a maximum speed of 11.5 knots.

The Chinese Navy’s Marine Corps, Part 1: Expansion and Reorganization

CIMSEC – This is the first part of a two-part article discussing organizational reforms and evolving missions for the PLA Navy (PLAN) Marine Corps. The first part focuses on the growing order of battle for the PLAN Marines.

Andrew S. Erickson and Ryan Martinson Discuss China’s Maritime Gray Zone Operations

CIMSEC – On March 15th, the Naval Institute Press will publish China’s Maritime Gray Zone Operations, a volume edited by professors Andrew S. Erickson and Ryan D. Martinson from the Naval War College’s China Maritime Studies Institute. CIMSEC recently reached out to Erickson and Martinson about their latest work.

Asia Rising: China’s Global Naval Strategy and Expanding Force Structure

US Naval War College Review – The balance of power in the Indo-Pacific is shifting as China spends its national treasure to build a modern, blue-water navy and exerts its influence around the region, and the world, through economic investment and military power projection. Beijing’s pursuit of the China Dream is pushing America and its allies toward a decade of concern, when the already tenuous situation may experience further destabilization.

China’s Logistics Modernization is Changing the Pacific Military Balance

National Interest – The well-worn formulation that “amateurs study tactics, while professionals study logistics” has significant explanatory power when considering the rapidly changing balance of power in the western Pacific.

China is working on killer robot ships of its own

Defense News – The Chinese shipbuilder China Shipbuilding and Offshore International Company is developing a small unmanned surface vessel that China wants to function essentially like the uninhabited baby brother of a U.S. Arleigh Burke destroyer.

China’s Far Seas Naval Operations, From the Year of the Snake to the Year of the Pig

CIMSEC – Every year, about this time, the leaders of the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) send their regards to Chinese sailors deployed overseas during the Lunar New Year. This annual ritual tells the story of China’s emergence as a global naval power.

US shift on South China Sea ‘grey zone’ aggression signals stronger response ahead

South China Morning Post – The United States is expected to take more planned and pre-emptive measures in response to China’s “grey zone tactics” in the Asia-Pacific region, according to analysts from the US and Australia.

Beijing sends fleet of ships to disputed South China Sea island ‘to stop Philippines building facilities’

South China Morning Post – China has been accused of sending a fleet of almost 100 ships to hamper Philippine construction work on a disputed island in the South China Sea.

Missile launch shows China’s DF-26 able to adjust position mid-flight, attack moving aircraft carriers

Global Times – Close-up details of the Chinese anti-ship ballistic missile DF-26 show that the missile can greatly adjust its position mid-flight to accurately attack a moving aircraft carrier, experts said Sunday after China showed the launch of its new-generation missile for the first time.

The Chinese Navy’s Missing Years

Naval History – The U.S. Navy should arm itself with China’s naval history to better fight future battles, both political and kinetic.

Ships of State: Chinese Civil-Military Fusion and the Hysy 981 Standoff

CIMSEC – With the fifth anniversary of the HYSY 981 standoff on the horizon, reexamining it in the context of China’s civil-military fusion concept reveals Beijing’s strategic thinking on the role China’s merchant marine could play in future conflict.

The Real Problem with China’s Fishermen

National Interest – Chinese trawlers are not the pointy tip of “Chinese maritime expansion,” but do present a genuine environmental challenge to the global community.

China Military Power 2019

DIA – The latest volume in the DIA’s Military Power series, a product that examines the core capabilities of China’s military.

Chinese Shipbuilding and Seapower: Full Steam Ahead, Destination Uncharted

CIMSEC – In recent years, China has been building ships rapidly across the waterfront. Chinese sources liken this to “dumping dumplings into soup broth.” Now, Beijing is really getting its ships together in both quantity and quality. The world’s largest commercial shipbuilder, it also constructs increasingly sophisticated models of all types of naval ships and weapons systems. What made this possible, and what does it mean?

Yes, China Could Sink a U.S. Navy Aircraft Carrier. But Don’t Bet On It.

National Interest – Could China sink a couple of U.S. nuclear-powered aircraft carriers and stun the United States into abandoning the Western Pacific?

China Mobilizes DF-26 Missiles in Response to Warship Passage

Washington Free Beacon – China has mobilized nuclear-capable intermediate-range missiles in response to the passage of a Navy warship near disputed islands in the South China Sea this week.

Jaw-Jaw: Rethinking Our Assumptions About Chinese Aggression

War on the Rocks – Is it possible that China, far from its recent reputation for assertiveness, is in fact a remarkably stable and reticent actor on the world stage? Is there any way that the United States can counteract China’s growing influence on international institutions? Should the United States extend security guarantees to countries like Vietnam? Lyle Goldstein discusses these issues and many more.

‘We’ll see how frightened America is’ — Chinese admiral says sinking US carriers key to dominating South China Sea

Army Times – Another Beijing official has sounded off about the communist nation’s perceived dominance of the South China Sea region, this time coming as an alarming threat of inflicting mass casualties on the U.S. Navy.

China’s NYC-Sized ‘Earthquake Warning System’ Array Sounds More Like A Way To Talk To Submarines

War Zone – With the largest submarine force on Earth, the Chinese increasingly need long-range communications options that don’t require the boats to surface.

Escalation at Sea: Stability and Instability in Maritime East Asia

US Naval War College Review – Low-level instability is to be expected with maritime boundary disputes or when power competition occurs at sea; however, sustained escalatory cycles are unlikely because of the characteristics of the maritime strategic environment.

“Getting Serious about Strategy in the South China Sea”: What Analysis Is Required to Compel a New U.S. Strategy in the South China Sea?

US Naval War College Review – China’s extensive island-building projects in the Spratly Islands, the aggressive harassment tactics of its maritime law-enforcement and paramilitary fleets, and its rejection of binding arbitration rulings on both those activities threaten the rules-based international order and pose political, economic, and potentially military threats to U.S. interests in the region.

A Vietnamese Fisherman Reeled In A Chinese Torpedo In The South China Sea

War Zone – It’s now in the hands of the Vietnamese military and they will likely pick it apart for any intelligence value.

China Flight Tests New Submarine-Launched Missile

Washington Free Beacon – China carried out a flight test of a new submarine-launched ballistic missile last month that will carry multiple nuclear warheads capable of targeting most of the United States.