High-speed production: Chinese navy built 83 ships in just eight years

The Print – Chinese navy produces designs which surpass the most modern ships of the US navy in size, volume, armament and quantity.

U.S. Should See China as ‘Number One’ Adversary, Not Trading Partner

USNI News – The People’s Republic China needs to be seen by the United States as its principal potential adversary in the years ahead, not as a commercial partner that America cannot live without.

The Blue Economy and Ocean Clusters With Kate Walsh

CIMSEC – A conversation about the Blue Economy, ocean clusters, and their relevance for maritime security. It’s a conversation about innovation, organization, and competition between the U.S. and China.

Development and Implications for Joint Operations

CIMSEC – UAVs are already an emerging capability within the PLA, law enforcement, and civil agencies and are playing a more prominent role in operations. Real-world testing will refine the PLA doctrinal use of these systems. Control, direction of development, and interoperability in joint operations are all questions yet to be answered. Developing an understanding of how these systems are incorporated into the PLA force structure may give insight into developing doctrine and political considerations. A clear understanding of both may support a potential framework for de-escalating unmanned vehicle incidents between nations where China has interests.

The PLA Navy in the Baltic Sea: A View From Kiel

CIMSEC – On 19 July 2017, after a long transit through the Indian Ocean and around the European continent, a three-ship People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) task group entered the Baltic Sea to conduct exercises with the Russian Navy (RFN). The flotilla reached Kaliningrad, the exercise headquarters, on July 21st. While hardly the first time that China’s naval ensign could be spotted in this Northern European body of water (for instance, a Chinese frigate participated in Kiel Week 2016), “Joint Sea 2017” marks the first ever Russo-Chinese naval drill in the Baltic Sea.

The Evolution of Chinese National Security Debates on Maritime Policy Part 2

CIMSEC – This series delves into the evolution of China’s national security debates pertaining to maritime security. Part Two will analyze Chinese maritime policy debates going into the modern era.

America May Soon Find Itself in an Underwater War with China

National Interest – In the years to come, Chinese and U.S. drones will likely be in a high stakes cat and mouse game in the Pacific.

How China’s Navy Is Preparing to Fight in the ‘Far Seas’

National Interest – Two PLA Navy officers might have a clue.

China’s Evolving Surface Fleet

China Maritime Studies Institute – An extensive review of all aspects of the Chinese Navy’s surface fleet.

Why the U.S. Navy Shouldn’t Fear China’s ‘Hunt for Red October’ Missile Submarines

National Interest – James Holmes writes that word has it that China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLA Navy) has staged a breakthrough in submarine propulsion.

Why Chinese Submarines Could Soon be Quieter Than US Ones

Korea Times – The US Navy’s Pacific fleet used to mock Chinese submarines for being too noisy and too easy to detect, but that has largely been remedied in recent years, and China is now on the cusp of taking the lead in a cutting-edge propulsion technology.

Chinese Naval Group To Sail The Baltic Sea At Same Time As Russian Armada

War Zone – There’s a massive amount of firepower being amassed in the Baltic Sea, including China’s most advanced operational destroyer and Russia’s largest submarine and cruiser.

Chinese Spy Ship Was Snooping Off Alaska For the First Time During THAAD Test

War Zone – The Type 815’s visit is a significant display of China’s expanding naval capabilities.

Here’s What You Should Know About China’s New African Base

War Zone – Chinese forces in Djibouti are just the latest sign that the country wants to expand its military presence abroad.

China sets up base in Djibouti

Xinhua – Ships carrying Chinese military personnel departed Zhanjiang in southern China’s Guangdong Province on Tuesday to set up a support base in Djibouti.

Chinese Missiles Can Wipe Out US Bases In Japan: Aegis, THAAD Can Stop Em

Breaking Defense – A Chinese surprise attack tomorrow could annihilate US forces and bases in Japan, two Navy officers found. But deploying more missile defenses — Army THAAD and Navy Aegis — would protect most targets north of Okinawa, Commanders Thomas Shugart and Javier Gonzalez found in simulations. Such a stronger defense, in turn, would reduce the temptation for Beijing to strike first in a crisis.

Normalizing Military Options in the South China Sea

CIMSEC – The series of moves by Beijing in the South China Sea are not only tactical decision points, but part of a broader strategic narrative aimed at regional competitors, periphery countries, and the United States. Beijing is sidestepping concerns over its militarization in the region by simply continuing on its own agenda. By downplaying controversial decisions and promoting “standard” and “scheduled” actions or exercises, Beijing is shaping the narrative to its benefit. Additionally, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership is pursuing multiple avenues to promote mutual interests with its neighbors and shift attention away militarization efforts.

U.S. Options for the People’s Republic of China’s Maritime Militias

CIMSEC – How should the U.S. military counter China’s maritime irregulars at sea?

China’s Aircraft Carrier: ‘Dreadnought’ or ‘Doctrinal Dilemma’?

CIMSEC – What dilemma does China’s new aircraft carrier fleet present to China?

Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2017

US Department of Defense – The DOD’s latest update on Chinese military power.

The Arming of China’s Maritime Frontier

US Naval War College China Maritime Reports – China’s expansion in maritime East Asia has relied heavily on non-naval elements of sea power, above all white-hulled constabulary forces. This reflects a strategic decision. Coast guard vessels operating on the basis of routine administration and backed up by a powerful military can achieve many of China’s objectives without risking an armed clash, sullying China’s reputation, or provoking military intervention from outside powers…but this decision is undergoing a change…

South China Sea Underwater “Environmental” Sensor Net Could Track U.S. Subs

War Zone – Officially, China’s planned system will gather scientific data, but it also has an unspecified “national defense” role.

South China Sea: US warship sails within 12 miles of China-claimed reef

The Guardian – A US navy warship sailed within 12 nautical miles of an artificial island built up by China in the South China Sea, US officials have said, the first such challenge to Beijing in the strategic waterway since Donald Trump became president.

Beyond the San Hai: The Challenge of China’s Blue-Water Navy

Center for New American Security – The United States has enjoyed largely uncontested naval supremacy across the blue waters, or open oceans, for decades. The rapid emergence of an increasingly global People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) suggests that this era will soon come to a close. China’s ability to conduct power projection and amphibious operations around the world will become a fundamental fact of politics in the near future, with signi cant consequences for the United States and its allies, all of which need to begin pre- paring for a “risen China” rather than a “rising China,” especially in the realm of maritime security. China’s expanding naval capabilities have implications that are di cult to grasp, and more importantly, consequences that will be impossible to ignore, and it is therefore all the more necessary for U.S. and allied planners to reckon with it now.

Chinese defence adviser says Djibouti naval facility is a much-needed ‘military base’

South China Morning Post – Jin Yinan, a former director of the strategic research institute at the PLA’s National Defence University, calls the East Africa navy installation that Beijing has termed a ‘support facility’ a critical military base necessary to protect China’s overseas interests