Navy ¦ Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Royal Marines – Is 45 Commando preparing to return to Afghanistan?

US Navy – Doing more with less – a plan that will fundamentally change the way the Navy deploys and sustains fighting forces after it recovers from the nearly exhaustive efforts of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Fleet organization and maintenance will be altered favoring a less predictable and more “surge ready” force under the Navy’s Fleet Response Plan, a scheme to reshape the business of naval warfare.

Background – Nuclear Weapons – The U.S. is looking to rightsize its nuclear arsenal to make it a more credible deterrent in the post-Cold War world.

Background – Empire – Robert Kaplan states it is a cliche these days to observe that the United States now possesses a global empireódifferent from Britain’s and Rome’s but an empire nonetheless. It is time to move beyond a statement of the obvious. Our recent effort in Iraq, with its large-scale mobilization of troops and immense concentration of risk, is not indicative of how we will want to act in the future. So how should we operate on a tactical level to manage an unruly world? What are the rules and what are the tools?

Navy ¦ Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Navy – The USS Iwo Jima amphibious ready group returns home and the Navy continues transitioning from amphibious ready groups to expeditionary strike groups. Meanwhile, the new deployment schedules of expeditionary strike groups will be similar to that of carrier battlegroups – no more routine 6 month long inflexible deployments.

Canadian Navy – The Upholder-class submarines have difficulty operating in warm climates.

Nigerian Navy – Nigerian pirates are now using tankers to siphon oil out of Nigeria’s pipelines.

US Navy – A look at what U.S. patrol boats are doing off of Iraq today.

US Marines – How one Marine general led from the front in Iraq.

Background – Intelligence – Seymour Hersch on how conflicts between the Bush Administration and the intelligence community marred the reporting on Iraqís weapons of mass destruction.

Navy ¦ Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence


World Naval Operational News Highlights

Overall, I think it is quite interesting to reflect on just how correct open source intelligence stories were in 2002 in regards to what has subsequently transpired in Iraq. The stories NOSI covered described precisely the buildup of forces and logistics in theater, the evolution of the war plan, and predicted accurately the challenges the U.S. would face in a post-Saddam Iraq.

  • Several recurring themes were identified throughout this year’s naval news stories, many of which persist from last year:
    • Yet another navy running out of operating funds. This year it was the Portuguese Navy, which ran out of money to operate in March and had to return to port.
    • Continued piracy on the high seas, particularly in the South China Sea. This year, however, increased patrols in the Straits of Malacca by the Indonesian, Malaysian, Indian, and U.S. navies have led to some decrease in the amount of piracy.
    • The tension in the Taiwanese Straits between Taiwan and China, with China continuing to probe Taiwanese territorial waters with spy ships.
    • Territorial disputes over islands in the South China Sea, such as the Spratly Islands. This year the USS Bowditch, a survey ship, did its best to assert the U.S. Navy’s right to freedom of navigation in this region.
    • Territorial disputes in the Caspian Sea, based upon oil drilling rights to the vast oil riches in the region.
    • The threats terrorists pose to ships, this year demonstrated through stories about terrorist plots to attack shipping in the Straits of Gibraltar, and the terrorist attack against the French tanker Limburg off of Yemen.
    • The dangerous nature of submarine operations, evidenced this year with a fire about the USS Dolphin and many continued teething problems with Canada’s Upholder-class submarines.
    • Concern over the damaging effect that low frequency active sonar has on marine mammals.
    • Concern that the decaying former Soviet Navy nuclear submarine force tied up at dock is having a damaging effect on the marine environment.
  • Significant naval operations this year included:
    • The continued joint operations against terrorism at sea lead by the German Navy in the Horn of Africa and the Royal Australian Navy in the Persian Gulf.
    • The most professional amphibious operation of the year was the use of the Royal Marines 45 Commando to hunt down Taliban troops in Afghanistan.
    • The use of a combined arms force by the Spanish Navy to evict Moroccan troops from Spanish islands off of Morocco.
    • The most significantly averted combat of the year was the near-war between India and Pakistan due to heightened tensions in Kashmir. Both navies had sortied from their bases; interestingly the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle played a roll in deconflicting the two sides.
    • The only ship-to-ship combat of the year was the continuing conflict between Sri Lankan and Tamil Tiger gunboats and a sharp, brief battle between North and South Korean gunboats.
  • The naval training story of the year was the loss to the U.S. Navy of the training area on Vieques island, in Puerto Rico. The long term effect of this upon U.S. forces will need to be watched carefully.
  • The most strategically significant naval news story of the year is the continued move by China to position itself near strategic naval choke points through the acquisition of commercial port facilities near them.
  • The most significant personnel naval news story this year was the U.S. Navy’s intention to obtain more underway days in theater from its ships by forward basing and dual-crewing more of them.
  • The most narrowly averted naval disaster of the year was the fire about the research submarine USS Dolphin, which luckily occurred close to shore.
  • The most intriguing naval news story of the year was the Spanish Navy’s seizure at sea, at the bequest of the U.S., of a cargo ship carrying SCUD missiles from North Korea. The U.S. later allowed the cargo ship to deliver the SCUD missiles to their destination, Yemen, as it is an ally of the U.S. What is the official U.S. position on the proliferation of ballistic missiles?
  • The most humorous naval news story of the year was the Royal New Zealand Navy’s use of rented civilian jet warbirds to simulate enemy attacks during training, now that New Zealand’s air force has disposed of its fighter aircraft.
  • The procurement story of the year is India’s on-again, off-again purchase of the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov.
  • The most ignored story of the year is port security in the U.S., or the lack thereof.
  • The most surprising story of the year was the deployment of the command ship USS Mount Whitney, nicknamed the “USS Never Sail,” to the Horn of Africa for 7 months to head up the U.S. war on terrorism in the Horn of Africa.
  • The most technically significant naval news story of the year was the new and unique uses that the U.S. Navy’s P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft community was devising for their aircraft, including its use as a ground surveillance platform in Afghanistan.
  • The most interesting naval experiment of the year were the U.S.’ experiments with high speed transport vessels – the U.S. Marine Corps with its HSV WestPac Express and the U.S. Army with its HSV-X1 Joint Venture.
  • The newly deployed naval weapon of the year was the F-18E Hornet, which made its first cruise on the USS Abraham Lincoln.
  • The quietest naval story of the year was the near-war between India and Pakistan due to heightened tensions in Kashmir with both navies deploying on war footings.
  • The non-story of the year was that of the new U.S. aircraft carrier CVN-77, which will not be built to a radically different design as initially proposed, but instead will be the last of the Nimitz-class aircraft carriers.
  • The most insulting naval news story was the naming of the next U.S. aircraft carrier after former president George H.W. Bush. The politicization of the naming of U.S. Navy ships has truly reached a new low.
  • And finally, the naval news story of the year with the most potential long term significance was the Royal Navy’s decision to scrap its Sea Harrier fleet and leave it’s aircraft carriers unequipped with interceptor aircraft. Is this a creeping beginning of the end for the Royal Navy’s new aircraft carrier program?

In 2002, there were news stories linked to on 351 / 365 days – that is on 96% of the days.

In 2002, NOSI linked to 1,673 articles covering 1,529 news stories.

In 2002, 614 of these stories (40%) were related to the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Coast Guard, or U.S. Military Sealift Command.

In 2002, 305 of these stories (20%) were background stories and 27 stories (2%) were historical stories.

The remaining 583 news stories (38%) covered the operational activities of 53 nation’s navies, coast guards, and marine corps:

Argentinean, Bangladeshi, Burmese, Canadian, Chilean, Chinese, Columbian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indian, Indonesia, Iranian, Iraqi, Irish, Israeli, Italian, Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force, Japanese Coast Guard, Malaysian Navy, Malaysian Coast Guard, Merchant Marine, Myanarese, NATO, Nigerian, Omani, Pakistan, Palestinian, Phillipine Navy, Phillipine Marines, Portuguese, Romanian, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Marines, Royal New Zealand Navy, Russian, Singaporean, South African, South Korean, Spanish, Swedish, Sri Lankan, Taiwanese, Taiwanese Marines, Thai, US Coast Guard, US Marine Corps, US Military Sealift Command, US Navy, Venezuelan

In 2002, 175,462 pages of information were read on NOSI by 67,242 users.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Singaporean Navy – Singapore will send troops and a naval contingent to Iraq, including Landing Ship Tanks (LSTs).

Chinese Navy – The navies of China and Pakistan are exercising together.

US Navy – The Chief of Naval Operations is asked to serve another term.

Background – Intelligence – John Keegan reminds us of the shortfalls of intelligence, throughout time. Spies don’t win wars, soldiers do.

US Marines – A few innovative (and some not so innovative) ways to improve force-on-force exercises in MOUT.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

The Reading List / Curriculum section has been completed. Please browse through it, I am sure you will find some new and old articles in it that you will find valuable.

US Marines – With the Marines of the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit off of the USS Peleliu, attempting to stop oil smuggling in Iraq.

US Marines – It looks as if more Marines are going back to Iraq.

US Navy – An interview with John J. Young Jr., assistant secretary of the Navy for research, development, and acquisition.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

The Online Courses section has been expanded.

Royal Navy – More on the delay of the U.K.’s aircraft carrier program.

Background – Afghanistan – On patrol with the U.S. 10th Mountain Division on the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Things are not going so well for the U.S. on the ground???

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Background – North Korea – Know thine enemy. Kim Jong Il, the world’s most dangerous dictator, has always been a figure surrounded by mystery and myth. But, from defectors and former aides, a portrait is emerging of family dysfunction, palace intrigue and imperial menace.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Marines – The large outbreak of malaria among Marines who spent time ashore in the West African nation of Liberia in the summer was apparently caused by a nearly wholesale failure of the troops to follow protective measures, and in particular not taking a once-a-week malaria-preventing drug.

Background – Iraq – Thomas Ricks looks at the pros and cons of the latest U.S. exit strategy from Iraq.

Background – History – US and Soviet naval forces nearly clashed at sea while Israeli and Arab forces fought the Yom Kippur war.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Another day, another New Feature: Archive. The archive is an archive of all of NOSI from the start, divided into 6 month long files. It will be updated each January and July.

Royal Navy – Like the Russian Navy, the Royal Navy struggles to dispose of decommissioned nuclear submarines.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

I have come across a number of naval-related online courses that should be of interest to teachers, students, and self-learners. I will archive these in the new left hand button Online Courses. If you know of any others, please contact me using the comment form. Please note, I have already checked the U.S. Naval War College and US Naval Postgraduate school and come up empty handed, so far.

Background – Online Courses – The study and understanding of the ocean can be considered to be a building block to the study and understanding of naval affairs. Here are the complete course materials for the majority of the courses offered by The Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Department of Ocean Engineering. The courses cover the areas of Naval Architecture, Marine Engineering, and Ocean Engineering.

Background – Online Courses – Here are the course materials for a number of online courses on Oceanography and Marine Sciences from Fathom.

Indian Navy – A few more details of Operation Sagittarius, the mission marked the first time Indian warships escorted US ships.

US Marines – the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit, with about 2,200 Marines aboard the USS Peleliu, went ashore in southern Iraq to assist a campaign to halt the smuggling of oil and fuel.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Navy – As the Navy and the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) prepare for the next test flight of the Aegis in the Pentagon’s ballistic-missile defense program, lessons from the last flight, in which an interceptor rocket failed to destroy its target, underscore the challenges of hit-to-kill technology.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Announcement of New Feature – I have added a new feature to NOSI today, in the left-hand navigation bar, a Reading List / Curriculum. The intention of this reading list and curriculum is to provide a reference library of articles that can be used both by new users of NOSI to bring them up-to-date on a subject; and by long-time users to NOSI to help them quickly review a subject. Think of the whole list of articles as a basic curriculum in current military affairs. All of these are articles I have linked to in the past. What you see right now is just a start, over the next few months I’ll put some more up as I review all the articles I have linked to from the start.

Israeli Navy – Could the Harpoon be used as a nuclear-tipped land attack missile?

US Navy – Sometime this winter, the Pentagon will take another step in its 22-year search for an effective and politically feasible missile-defense system, as it decides upon appropriate basing platforms, or modes, for U.S. interceptor missiles intended to destroy attacking ballistic missiles during their first few seconds of flight. A decision is not expected for months, but some missile defense experts believe that the Pentagon’s long and tortuous path toward development of a missile-defense system should end under water.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Navy – The U.S. Navy will drastically limit the use of a controversial low-frequency sonar system, which environmental groups say disorients and kills endangered whales and other species, under a court agreement disclosed yesterday.

US Navy – P-3 Orions are being used for ground surveillance in the Phillipines.

US Marines – Leadership is more than taking charge. The author provides keen insights on the totality of effective leadership.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Navy – The US will make its first port call in Vietnam in 30 years.

US Navy – Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Vernon Clark’s call in June 2002 for creating a “culture of innovation,” to help transform the U.S. Navy’s ability to project and sustain persistent combat power, has resulted in the development of a Navy “roadmap” for experimentation that will shape the sea services’ more than $10 billion annual investment in technology.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Israeli Navy – The U.S. confirms that Israel’s Dolphin-class submarines are armed with nuclear-tipped Harpoon cruise missiles that serve as a submarine-based strategic deterrent force for Israel.

Royal Navy – The U.K. trims back on its design for its new aircraft carriers.

Background – Diplomacy – Niall Ferguson asks did the United Kingdom’s influence in its heyday match the United States’ today? Two Hegemonies provides an answer; but “empire” might be the better word.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Russian Navy – Germany will help Russia disassemble its decommissioned nuclear submarines.

US Navy – More from the Chief of Naval Operations on why routine 6 month deployments are a thing of the past.

US Navy – Navy investments for the future emphasize connectivity, modularity, and unmanned systems. Taking these concepts to sea will be a trio of surface sea framesóbeginning with the Littoral Combat Ship in 2007.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Merchant Marine – As the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) takes steps to better protect U.S. ports and harbors, questions linger about the potential effectiveness of the Container Security Initiative (CSI) in helping to ensure that terrorists do no harm by taking advantage of security gaps in international shipping.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Navy – The US fleet has shrunk to its smallest size since WWI.

Background – History – The distinguished public servant and scholar James Schlesinger recently gave marching orders to those assembled for the annual Midway Night, this year commemorating the 61st anniversary of the Battle of Midway. Here is an edited version of his remarks.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

Royal Australian Navy – A look at how oil smuggling is still being carried out in the Gulf.

US Navy – A look at how carrier battlegroup workups have changed since the closure of Vieques.

Background – History – A look at a day of naval combat against Iran – April 18, 1988.

Navy News ¦ Naval News ¦ NOSI – Naval Open Source Intelligence

US Navy – The US is considering basing an aircraft carrier in Hawaii.

US Marines – A veteran of two tours in Vietnam offers his views on preparing to fight in military operations on urbanized terrain (MOUT).